Database Details : World List of Kinorhyncha

Full name: World List of Kinorhyncha UPDATED!
Short name: WoRMS Kinorhyncha
Version: 2018-04-01
Release date: 2018-04-01
Authors/editors: Neuhaus B.
Taxonomic coverage: Animalia - Kinorhyncha
English name of the group: Mud dragons
Number of living species 188
Number of living infraspecific taxa 1
Number of extinct species: 0
Number of extinct infraspecific taxa: 0
Number of synonyms: 53
Number of common names: 0
Total number of names: 242
Abstract: Kinorhyncha (= Echinodera) is a taxon of marine animals ranging in size from 0.13-1.04 mm body length. The animals live in muddy to sandy sediments or appear on algae and invertebrates from the intertidal zone to the deep sea. Kinorhyncha feeds on bacteria, algae, diatoms, and detritus. Some 200+ species have been described based on descriptions from adult stages plus 50 species based on the description from juvenile stages. Species known only from juvenile stages are generally regarded as nomina dubia, but names are available and valid according to the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. The species are grouped in two subtaxa, namely Cyclorhagida and Homalorhagida. Further subdivision is in 22 genera using as distinguishing characters a) habitus, b) arrangement, shape and surface structure of cuticular plates, c) size, shape and arrangement of inner and outer oral styles as well as of scalids, and d) size, shape and distribution of spines, sensory spots, gland cell outlets and papillae.
Organization: Museum für Naturkunde Leibniz Institute for Research on Evolution and Biodiversity
Bibliographic citation: Neuhaus B. (2018). WoRMS Kinorhyncha: World List of Kinorhyncha (version 2018-04-01). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 2018 Annual Checklist (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., Nieukerken E. van, Zarucchi J., Penev L., eds.). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-884X.