Species Details : Juniperus communis L.

Accepted scientific name:
Juniperus communis L. (accepted name) 4 literature references for Juniperus communis  L.
Synonyms: -
Infraspecific taxon: Juniperus communis var. communis
Juniperus communis var. depressa Pursh
Juniperus communis var. kelleyi R.P. Adams
Juniperus communis var. megistocarpa Fernald & H. St. John
Juniperus communis var. nipponica (Maxim.) E.H. Wilson
Juniperus communis var. saxatilis Pall.
Common names:
Common name Language Country
欧洲刺柏 (ou zhou ci bai) Chi CHN Click here to show the literature
 reference
jalovec obecný Cze CZE Click here to show the literature
 reference
ene Dan DNK Click here to show the literature
 reference
enebaer Dan DNK Click here to show the literature
 reference
Gewone jeneverbes Dut NLD Click here to show the literature
 reference
Jeneverstruik Dut NLD Click here to show the literature
 reference
Common juniper Eng GBR Click here to show the literature
 reference
genévrier commun Fre FRA Click here to show the literature
 reference
Gemeine Wacholder Ger DEU Click here to show the literature
 reference
kleka Hrv, Srp HRV, SRB Click here to show the literature
 reference
obicna borovica Hrv, Srp HRV, SRB Click here to show the literature
 reference
Közönséges boróka Hun HUN Click here to show the literature
 reference
Einer Nor NOR Click here to show the literature
 reference
jalowiec pospolity Pol POL Click here to show the literature
 reference
можжевельник обыкновенный (mozhzhevel'nik obyknovennyy) Rus RUS Click here to show the literature
 reference
enebro común Spa ESP Click here to show the literature
 reference
enebro real Spa ESP Click here to show the literature
 reference
en Swe SWE Click here to show the literature
 reference
Adi ardiç Tur TUR Click here to show the literature
 reference
Classification:
Kingdom Plantae CoL
Phylum Tracheophyta CoL
Class Pinopsida Conifer Database
Order Pinales Conifer Database
Family Cupressaceae Conifer Database
Genus Juniperus Conifer Database
Distribution: 10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT-AU AUT-LI BGM-BE BGM-LU CZE-CZ CZE-SK GER HUN NET POL SWI 12 BAL COR FRA-CI FRA-FR POR SAR SPA-AN SPA-GI SPA-SP 13 ALB BUL GRC ITA-IT KRI ROM SIC-SI TUE YUG-BH YUG-CR YUG-KO YUG-MA YUG-MN YUG-SE YUG-SL 14 BLR BLT-ES BLT-KA BLT-LA BLT-LI KRY RUC RUE RUN RUS RUW UKR-MO UKR-UK 20 ALG MOR 30 ALT BRY CTA IRK KRA TVA WSB YAK 31 AMU KAM KHA KUR MAG PRM SAK 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 NCS TCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ LBS-LB LBS-SY TUR 36 CHI-NM CHM CHX 37 MON 38 JAP-HK JAP-HN KOR-NK KOR-SK 40 NEP PAK WHM-HP WHM-JK WHM-UT 70 ASK GNL NUN NWT YUK 71 ABT BRC MAN SAS 72 LAB NBR NFL-NE NFL-SP NSC ONT PEI QUE 73 COL IDA MNT ORE WAS WYO 74 ILL IOW KAN MIN MSO NDA NEB OKL SDA WIS 75 CNT INI MAI MAS MIC NWH NWJ NWY OHI PEN RHO VER WVA 76 ARI CAL NEV UTA 77 NWM 78 GEO KTY NCA SCA TEN VRG; Temperate Eurasia, North Africa, North America N of Mexico. Juniperus communis is the most widely distributed conifer species in the world, with a circumpolar distribution extending from ca. 70 N in Alaska, Scandinavia and Siberia to ca. 28 N in the Himalaya. Comprehensive area maps are given in Hegi's Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa (Zoller, 1981) and Hultn & Fries (1986). Zoller presents an inclusive outline map of the species; Hultn & Fries map six varieties separately, one of these is not here recognised (var. hemisphaerica in the Mediterranean and W Asia). Both maps show some scattered dots in central China, but the species is not recorded in Flora of China (Fu & al., 1999). In this study, it has been found to occur in border mountains of Xinjiang in NW China and in Jilin in NE China. The subalpine form, var. saxatilis (var. montana in Hultn & Fries, 1986, subsp. nana in Flora of Alaska, Hultn, 1968) does extend into the W Himalaya but not (far) into Xizang (Tibet). Confusion with J. pingii and J. squamata is the likely source of these errors. This variety has the widest distribution, in Eurasia it is almost coincident with the species as a whole. In the colder parts of the boreal forest zone and in the subarctic and arctic tundras it occurs in lowlands as well as mountains and only in lower latitudes does it retreat to similar climatic zones in mountain systems, with the W Himalaya as its most southern outlier. Juniperus communis var. communis extends from Spain eastward accross Europe to central Siberia and is essentially a lowland form reaching higher altitudes only along its southern fringe in the Mediterranean, the Caucasus and Elburz mountains. It is more polymorphic than var. saxatilis as it occurs in more diverse habitats. Distribution patterns are still only vaguely outlined in NE Asia, but it seems that var. nipponica is indeed geographically separated, occurring only in Japan and the southern Kuriles. In North America three varieties occur (Flora of North America, Adams, 1993). Hultn & Fries (1986) map J. communis var. montana (= var. saxatilis) across Canada, Alaska and the Rocky Mountains, but in Flora of North America most of that range is instead assigned to var. depressa, with var. montana restricted to S Greenland and from British Columbia in Canada south to California. However, it does occur in coastal Alaska. Sometimes the distinction between the two varieties is difficult to make out in herbarium specimens. The W American populations of var. saxatilis are then quite disjunct from the E Asian ones as nearly all of the dots in Flora of Alaska (Hultn, 1968) should be assigned to var. depressa. This variety reaches its southernmost limits in N Georgia and W Texas. The much more restricted var. megistocarpa appears to be limited to the maritime region of E Canada.
Environment: Terrestrial
Additional data: -
Latest taxonomic scrutiny: Farjon A., 31-Jan-2014
Source database: Conifer Database, Jan 2014   100%
Bibliographic citation: Farjon A., Gardner M. & Thomas P. (2019). Conifer Database (version Jan 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 2019 Annual Checklist (Roskov Y., Ower G., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., Nieukerken E. van, Zarucchi J., Penev L., eds.). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/2019. Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-884X.
Online resource:
Conversion date: 2019-05-01 01:30:39