The 2006 Annual Checklist

The 2006 Annual Checklist contains information on 884,552 species and 68,872 infraspecific taxa in the following groups:

Viruses • Viruses and Subviral agents from ICTVdB

Bacteria and Archaea from BIOS • Blue-green algae (Cyanobacteria) from AlgaeBase

Chromista • Chromistan fungi from Species Fungorum • Chromistan algae from AlgaeBase

Protozoa • Major groups from ITIS and AlgaeBase • Protozoan fungi from Species Fungorum and Trichomycetes database

Fungi • Various taxa in whole or in part from CABI Bioscience databases (Species Fungorum, Phyllachorales, Rhytismatales and Zygomycetes databases) and from three other databases covering Xylariaceae, Glomeromycota NEW! and Trichomycetes

Plantae (Plants) • Mosses from MOST • Cycads and 6 flowering plant families from IOPI-GPC and 10 families from RBG Kew Checklist NEW! • Legumes from ILDIS • Seagrasses from AlgaeBase

Animalia (Animals) • Marine invertebrates (13 phyla & 7 classes) and chordates (4 classes) from URMO • Sea anemones from the Hexacorallians of the World • Snails and slugs (some groups) from AFD and ITIS • Krill from ETI WBD • Spiders from SpidCat • Ticks from TicksBase NEW! • Dragonflies from the Odonata database NEW! • Crickets, grasshoppers, locusts, and katydids from the OSF • Planthoppers from FLOW NEW! • Scale insects from ScaleNet • Butterflies and moths from LepIndex NEW! and Tineidae NHM • Flies, craneflies, mosquitoes, bots, midges and gnats from BDWD, CCW, CIPA and ITIS • Fleas from Parhost • Wasps from UCD NEW! and ZOBODAT NEW! • Scarab beetles from the World Scarabaeidae Database • Longhorn beetles from TITAN • Fishes from FishBase • Reptiles from EMBL Reptiles NEW! • Various groups of amphibians, birds and mammals from ITIS.

PLUS additional species of various groups from ITIS.


Structure of the Annual Checklist

The goal is to list every distinct species in each group of organisms. At the present stage some groups are globally complete, some are represented by global sectors that are nearing completion, and others are represented with partial sectors. The global sectors, whether complete or not, are provided by selected, peer reviewed global species databases (GSDs) in the Species 2000 federation or by equivalent global sectors of ITIS. Figure 1 provides the definition of a GSD. The partial sectors are supplied principally by ITIS (N America), but also Species Fungorum and the Australian Faunal Directory.

Fig. 1. Global Species Databases (GSDs) or GSD sectors

GSDs aspire to the following properties:
Cover one taxon worldwide
Contain a taxonomic checklist of all species within that taxon
Deal with species as taxa, and contain synonymy and taxonomic opinion
Have an explicit mechanism for seeking at least one responsible/consensus taxonomy, and for applying it consistently
Cross-index significant alternative taxonomies in their synonymy

Each species is listed with an Accepted scientific name, a cited reference and its Family and/or position in the hierarchical classification. Additionally Common Names and Synonyms may be provided, but these data are not complete, and for some species none may exist. The complete Standard Dataset is given in Figure 2. Where available from the suppliers, infra-specific taxa such as subspecies and varieties have been included but this coverage is variable between taxonomic sectors.

Fig. 2. The Catalogue of Life Standard Dataset

(1) Accepted scientific name (and reference)
(2) Synonyms (and references)
(3) Common names (and references)
(4) Latest taxonomic scrutiny (Name of person and date)
(5) Source database
(6) Additional data (optional)
(7) Family to which species belongs
(8) Classification above family, and highest taxon in database
(9) Distribution
(10) Reference(s) (optional)

Each species is linked via the Genus and Family to the hierarchical classification. Above the node of attachment of each data sector this classification has been agreed by Species 2000 and ITIS as a practical management tool to provide access to the Catalogue. Version 1 has remained unchanged in 2005 and 2006. Below the node of attachment the classification originates from the supplier databases. Where possible, a web link back to the supplier's own database is provided at the bottom of each species detail page.


Functionality of the Annual Checklist

• Species (and infra-specific taxa) can be located either by searching by name or by tracking down through the hierarchical classification.
• Searching by name can be done using accepted scientific name, synonym or common name. Automatic synonymic and common name indexing takes the user directly to the species under its accepted name. The search can use part names, or be restricted to complete words.
• Tracking down the tree or hierarchy uses accepted names for taxa.
• The CD contains an identical copy of the Annual Checklist dataset and of the software used on the Web.
• The structure of the Annual Checklist database has been optimised for performance with the user interface but is not ideal for importing to other systems.
• The content may be copied subject to the Copyright conditions given on the inside cover of this booklet.


The Annual Checklist Editors

The Catalogue of Life programme combines the outputs of the Species 2000 programme (led by Frank Bisby from Reading, UK) and the ITIS programme (led by Michael Ruggiero from Washington, USA). Assembly and publication of the Annual Checklist is managed by Yuri Roskov in Reading working with colleagues in the Philippines, Paris, Egham and Amsterdam.

Frank A Bisby, Species 2000 Executive Director and Team member, at the Species 2000 Secretariat, Reading, UK.

Michael A Ruggiero, Director of ITIS, ITIS Secretariat c/o Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, USA.

Yuri R Roskov, Species 2000 Content Manager at the Species 2000 Secretariat, Reading, UK.

Monalisa Cachuela-Palacio, Annual Checklist Dataset Compiler at the Species 2000 Philippines office, Los-Baños, Philippines.

Susanah W Kimani, Annual Checklist Manager (April - October 2005) at the Species 2000 Secretariat, Reading, UK.

Paul M Kirk, Taxonomic Editor of Fungi and Chromista sectors at CABI Bioscience, Egham, UK.

Adeline Soulier-Perkins, Content management of European GSDs at the Species 2000 europa office, Paris, France.

Jorrit van Hertum, Software and User Interface programmer at the ETI Bioinformatics, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.



European Union NBII GBIF NIES