Source databases

The data in current edition of the Catalogue of Life have been provided by 167 databases. Most datasets include one or more global species database sectors (GSDs), i.e. datasets being developed to cover all of the world's species in a particular group of organisms. Several datasets provide regional information for groups not yet covered globally. The datasets result from collaboration and editing by many expert taxonomists, whose names are found in the datasets themselves. A brief summary is listed below giving: database name; home page address; the author(s) or editor(s); host organisation; the group for which data are provided, preceded by its higher classification; and the number of species and infraspecific taxa included in this checklist.

Database Qualifiers
In the Catalogue of Life we introduce "Database Qualifiers" which shown in the interface. Qualifiers give users a quick guide to the reliability of presented data. Qualifiers have been given by authors/editors of each database and appear on the Database Details page, and alongside, with the database name on each Species Details page. Qualifiers reflect data reliability in the Catalogue of Life only, and are not applicable to the original view of the database throught its own website. Qualifiers include:

• Geographic Coverage (values G for "Global" and R for "Regional")
• Taxonomic Completeness (values 1 - 100%)
• Checklist Confidence (values , see below for details)
- Caution! This data set does not contain well-scrutinised taxonomic checklist, and in parts may be a list of taxonomically unvetted names only. However, it is used temporarily by the Catalogue of Life to fill major gaps as only available source at the time. See database abstract for more details.
- Caution! This data set is a scrutinised taxonomic checklist, but it is incomplete and at an early stage of its development. See database abstract for more details.
- This is a well-scrutinised taxonomic checklist, but it is restricted to a subset of species by geography (regional database), or sector of biological discipline (e.g. thematic database in particular ecological area, conservation, quarantine, pest and disease control, medicine or molecular biology, etc). This data set was included in the Catalogue of Life to fill gaps at lower levels of the taxonomic classification (e.g. species, genera) as temporarily solution. See database abstract for more details.
- This is a nearly complete and fully scrutinised taxonomic checklist with a good quality of expertise at the current stage of its development.
- This is a complete and fully scrutinised taxonomic checklist for an entire taxon with a high quality of expertise and frequent updates, which covers nearly all known species diversity in the taxon worldwide.


Source database English name of the group descending Living species Extinct species
SF Zoraptera: Zoraptera Species File UPDATED! Zorapterans 43 9
WoRMS Xenoturbellida: World List of Xenoturbellida UPDATED! Xenoturbellids 5 0
ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System UPDATED! Wide range of taxa in all kingdoms 34,285 0
ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System UPDATED! Wide range of global taxonomic checklists of different taxa 103,971 0
The White-Files: Taxonomic checklist of the world’s whiteflies (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) UPDATED! Whiteflies 1,557 0
WTaxa: Electronic Catalogue of Weevil names (Curculionoidea) Weevils 84,759 0
SF Embioptera: Embioptera Species File UPDATED! Webspinners 398 17
WWW: World Wide Wattle UPDATED! Wattles, thorntrees, acacias 1,476 0
FADA Cladocera: World checklist of freshwater Cladocera species Water fleas 1,043 0
ICTV/MSL: International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses / Master Species List Viruses and subviral agents 3,186 0
ZOBODAT: Zoological-Botanical Database (Vespoidea) Vespid wasps 6,203 0
Catalogue of Life China Various taxa from China 2,259 0
NZIB: New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity Various animalian taxa from New Zealand 1,695 0
Strepsiptera Database: Global Strepsiptera Database UPDATED! Twisted-winged parasites 602 11
WoRMS Ceriantharia: World list of Ceriantharia NEW! Tube-dwelling anemones 135 0
Phyllachorales UPDATED! Tropical tar-spot fungi 1,311 0
MOWD: Membracoidea of the World Database Treehoppers and leafhoppers 15,387 0
TicksBase Ticks 867 0
WoRMS Thaliacea: World list of Thaliacea NEW! Thaliaceans 78 0
Tessaratomidae Database: Illustrated catalog of Tessaratomidae UPDATED! Tessaratomids 255 1
SF Isoptera: Isoptera Species File NEW! Termites 2,919 144
Mites GSDs: TenuipalpidBase Tenuipalpid mites 887 0
Rhytismatales UPDATED! Tar-spot fungi 769 0
WoRMS Cestoda: World List of Cestoda Tapeworms 1,905 0
WoRMS Tantulocarida: World List of Tantulocarida UPDATED! Tantulocaridans 38 0
WoRMS Tanaidacea: World List of Tanaidacea UPDATED! Tanaids 1,397 22
Droseraceae Database Sundew family 179 0
Brentids: Brentidae of the World UPDATED! Straight-snouted weevils 1,755 0
SF Plecoptera: Plecoptera Species File UPDATED! Stoneflies 3,662 231
SF Phasmida: Phasmida Species File UPDATED! Stick and leaf insects 3,196 0
WoRMS Asteroidea: World Asteroidea Database UPDATED! Starfish or sea stars 1,878 1
WoRMS Staurozoa: World list of Staurozoa NEW! Stalked jellyfishes 50 0
WoRMS Porifera: World Porifera database UPDATED! Sponges 8,889 29
WSC: World Spider Catalog UPDATED! Spiders 46,609 0
SpmWeb: Spider Mites Web Spider mites 1,265 0
WoRMS Octocorallia: World List of Octocorallia UPDATED! Soft corals, blue coral, sea pens and gorgonians 3,632 3
Nomen.eumycetozoa.com: An online nomenclatural information system of Eumycetozoa UPDATED! Slime molds 1,184 0
SF Lygaeoidea: Lygaeoidea Species File UPDATED! Seed bugs 4,164 113
WoRMS Echinoidea: World Echinoidea Database UPDATED! Sea urchins 1,012 3,133
WoRMS PycnoBase: World Pycnogonida Database NEW! Sea spiders 1,344 10
WoRMS Holothuroidea: World List of Holothuroidea UPDATED! Sea cucumbers 1,711 0
WoRMS Hexacoral: Hexacorallians (Actiniaria) of the World NEW! Sea anemones, tube anemones, hard corals, black corals 1,111 0
The Scorpion Files Scorpions 2,217 0
Scarabs: World Scarabaeidae Database UPDATED! Scarab beetles 39,035 277
ScaleNet: Systematic Database of the Scale Insects of the World Scale insects 7,090 0
FADA Rotifera: Annotated checklist of the rotifers (Phylum Rotifera) Rotifers 2,014 0
WoRMS Nemertea: World Nemertea Database UPDATED! Ribbon worms 1,374 2
WoRMS Rhombozoa: World List of Rhombozoa UPDATED! Rhombozoans 122 0
Mites GSDs: RhodacaridBase Rhodacarid mites 145 0
The Reptile Database Reptiles 10,233 0
WoRMS Remipedia: World Remipedia Database UPDATED! Remipedes 29 0
WoRMS Priapulida: World List of Priapulida UPDATED! Priapulid worms or penis worms 20 0
SF Mantodea: Mantodea Species File UPDATED! Praying mantids 2,487 26
WoRMS Polycystina: World List of Polycystina (Radiolaria) UPDATED! Polycystines (radiolarian protists) 417 0
Pterophoroidea: Catalogue of the Pterophoroidea of the World NEW! Plume moths 1,463 0
FLOW: Fulgoromorpha Lists On the WEB UPDATED! Planthoppers 13,112 306
PBI Plant Bug: On-line Systematic Catalog of Plant Bugs (Insecta: Heteroptera: Miridae) Plant bugs 11,138 0
WoRMS Placozoa: World Placozoa Database UPDATED! Placozoans or pancake animals 1 0
Zygomycetes UPDATED! Pin moulds and related fungi 1,079 0
WoRMS Isopoda: World Marine, Freshwater and Terrestrial Isopod Crustaceans database UPDATED! Pillbugs, slaters and woodlice 10,312 29
Nepticuloidea: Nepticulidae and Opostegidae of the World Pigmy moths & white eyecap moths 1,055 18
Mites GSDs: PhytoseiidBase Phytoseiid mites 2,186 0
CIPA: Computer Aided Identification of Phlebotomine sandflies of Americas Phlebotomine sandflies 396 0
WoRMS Appendicularia: World List of Appendicularia NEW! Pelagic tunicates 68 0
PaleoBioDB: The Paleobiology Database Paleoradiolarians, trilobites, paleodecapods, ammonites, belemnites, paleobrachyopods, dinosaurs and other paleoreptiles 0 35,188
WoRMS Ostracoda: World Ostracoda Database NEW! Ostracods 6,306 0
WoRMS Orthonectida: World List of Orthonectida UPDATED! Orthonectids 25 0
Mites GSDs: OlogamasidBase Ologamasid mites 446 0
WoRMS Myxozoa: World list of Myxozoa Myxozoans 194 0
WoRMS Mystacocarida: World List of Mystacocarida UPDATED! Mystacocarids 13 0
WoRMS Kinorhyncha: World List of Kinorhyncha UPDATED! Mud dragons 188 0
MOST: Moss TROPICOS Database Mosses 13,364 0
MBB: Moss Bug Base Moss bugs 32 0
WoRMS Monogenea: World List of Monogenea Monogenean flatworms 3,570 1
Microsporidia: Unicellular spore-forming protozoan parasites UPDATED! Microsporidians 1,222 0
FADA Ephemeroptera: World checklist of freshwater Ephemeroptera species Mayflies 3,341 0
WoRMS Mollusca: MolluscaBase (2018) Marine molluscs 54,347 8,901
WoRMS Loricifera: World list of Loricifera NEW! Loriciferans 28 0
TITAN: Cerambycidae database Longhorn beetles, timber beetles 33,955 0
LIAS: A Global Information System for Lichenized and Non-Lichenized Ascomycetes Lichens 9,614 0
WoRMS Leptostraca: World List of Leptostraca UPDATED! Leptostraca 60 2
ILDIS World Database of Legumes Legumes 16,371 0
SF Coreoidea: Coreoidea Species File UPDATED! Leatherbugs 3,107 12
WoRMS Cephalochordata: World List of Cephalochordata UPDATED! Lancelets 30 0
Brachiopoda Database UPDATED! Lamp-shells 396 0
LDL NSW: Neuropterida Species of the World UPDATED! Lacewings, antlions, owlflies, fishflies, dobsonflies, snakeflies and relatives 6,518 925
Lace Bugs Database (Hemiptera: Tingidae) UPDATED! Lace bugs 2,338 13
ETI WBD: World Biodiversity Database (Euphausiacea) Krill 86 0
Psyl'list: Psylloidea database UPDATED! Jumping plant lice 3,456 52
Jewel Beetles: The World of Jewel Beetles NEW! Jewel beetles 14,718 176
WoRMS Scyphozoa: World list of Scyphozoa NEW! Jellyfishes 191 0
Taxapad Ichneumonoidea Ichneumonid and braconid wasps 42,370 0
SF Grylloblattodea: Grylloblattodea Species File UPDATED! Ice crawlers 33 542
WoRMS Hydrozoa: World Hydrozoa Database UPDATED! Hydroids 3,704 32
WoRMS Thermosbaenacea: World List of Thermosbaenacea UPDATED! Hot-springs shrimps 38 0
Phoronida Database UPDATED! Horseshoe worms 19 0
WoRMS Merostomata: World List of Merostomata UPDATED! Horseshoe crabs 4 0
ELPT: Early Land Plants Today UPDATED! Hornworts and liverworts 7,424 225
GloBIS (GART): Global Butterfly Information System Hairstreaks, blues, coppers, swallowtails and whites 8,001 0
CarabCat: Global database of ground beetles UPDATED! Ground beetles 39,360 408
SF Orthoptera: Orthoptera Species File UPDATED! Grasshoppers, locusts, katydids, crickets 27,240 759
Global Gracillariidae: Global Taxonomic Database of Gracillariidae Gracillariid moths 1,855 0
WoRMS Gnathostomulida: World List of Gnathostomulida UPDATED! Gnathostomulids or jaw worms 101 0
Glomeromycota UPDATED! Glomeromycota 284 0
SF Mantophasmatodea: Mantophasmatodea Species File UPDATED! Gladiators or rock crawlers 19 6
WoRMS Gastrotricha: World Gastrotricha Database UPDATED! Gastrotrichs or hairy backs 841 0
Species Fungorum UPDATED! Fungi; protozoan fungi; chromistan fungi 115,209 0
Xylariaceae: Home of the Xylariaceae UPDATED! Fungi associated with dead wood 2,071 0
Trichomycetes UPDATED! Fungi associated with Arthropods 385 0
COOL: Cercopoidea Organised On Line UPDATED! Froghoppers 2,625 0
FADA Nematomorpha: World checklist of freshwater Nematomorpha species Freshwater hairworms 356 0
SF Coleorrhyncha: Coleorrhyncha Species File NEW! Fossilised moss bugs 0 66
WoRMS Foraminifera: World Foraminifera Database UPDATED! Foraminifers 8,962 0
WoRMS Trematoda: World List of Trematoda Flukes 5,612 0
Systema Dipterorum Flies, mosquitoes, bots, midges and gnats 138,934 0
Parhost: World Database of Fleas Fleas 2,047 0
FishBase UPDATED! Fishes 33,932 0
World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World UPDATED! Ferns and fern-allies 13,234 0
WoRMS Echiura: World list of Echiura NEW! Echiurans, burrow worms, spoon worms 172 0
SF Dermaptera: Dermaptera Species File UPDATED! Earwigs 1,894 48
WoRMS Oligochaeta: World List of Marine Oligochaeta UPDATED! Earthworms, oligochaetes 1,984 0
Odonata: Global Species Database of Odonata Dragonflies and damselflies 5,912 0
SysMyr: Systematic Myriapod Database Diplopods, pauropods and symphylans 12,635 0
The World List of Cycads, online edition Cycads 353 0
AnnonBase: Annonaceae GSD Custard apples 2,440 0
WoRMS Cumacea: World Cumacea Database UPDATED! Cumaceans or hooded shrimps 1,541 0
SF Chrysididae: Chrysididae Species File UPDATED! Cuckoo wasps or emerald wasps 190 7
Brassicaceae species checklist and database Crucifers, mustard or cabbage family 3,778 0
RJB Geranium: Geranium Taxonomic Information System UPDATED! Cranesbills, geraniums 320 0
CCW: Catalogue of Craneflies of the World Craneflies 14,827 0
WoRMS Brachyura: World List of marine Brachyura UPDATED! Crabs 7,047 2
HymIS: Hymenoptera Information System UPDATED! Crabronids, spider-hunting and rhopalosomatid wasps 13,798 4
WoRMS Copepoda: World of Copepods database NEW! Copepods 14,668 2
Conifer Database Conifers 615 0
WoRMS Ctenophora: Phylum Ctenophora, a list of all valid species names harvested from the Internet between 1998 - present NEW! Comb jellies, sea walnuts 200 11
SF Cockroach: Cockroach Species File UPDATED! Cockroaches 4,649 0
Tineidae NHM: Global Taxonomic Database of Tineidae (Lepidoptera) Clothes-moths 2,443 0
CilCat: The World Ciliate Catalog Ciliates 8,667 0
3i Auchenorrhyncha: World Auchenorrhyncha Database NEW! Cicadas, leafhoppers & treehoppers 10,456 523
UCD: Universal Chalcidoidea Database Chalcidoid wasps 19,846 0
ChiloBase: A World Catalogue of Centipedes (Chilopoda) for the web Centipedes 3,146 0
LepIndex: The Global Lepidoptera Names Index Butterflies and moths 135,016 0
WoRMS Bryozoa: World List of Bryozoa UPDATED! Bryozoans, moss animals 5,443 175
3i Curculio: 3i taxonomic databases, Curculionidae, subfamily Entiminae UPDATED! Broad-nosed weevils 13,546 23
WoRMS Ophiuroidea: World Ophiuroidea database UPDATED! Brittle stars and basket stars 2,080 277
WoRMS Polychaeta: World Polychaeta database UPDATED! Bristle worms 11,662 505
WoRMS Brachypoda: World List of Brachypoda UPDATED! Brachypods 12 0
WoRMS Cubozoa: World list of Cubozoa NEW! Box jellyfishes, sea wasps 47 0
CoL Management Classification: A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms Biota 0 0
ITIS Bees: World Bee Checklist Bees 20,446 0
BdelloideaBase: Bdellid & Cunaxid Databases Bdellid and cunaxid mites 665 0
SF Psocodea: Psocodea Species File UPDATED! Bark lices & parasitic lices 10,852 138
Saccharomycetes UPDATED! Ascomycetous yeast forming fungi 1,086 0
WoRMS Ascidiacea: Ascidiacea World Database NEW! Ascidians, sea squirts 2,917 0
WoRMS Chaetognatha: World List of Chaetognatha UPDATED! Arrow worms 131 0
FADA Halacaridae: World checklist of freshwater Halacaridae species Aquatic mites 59 0
SF Aphid: Aphid Species File UPDATED! Aphids and allied groups 5,234 320
IRMNG: Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera UPDATED! All genera 0 0
World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World UPDATED! 313 families of flowering plants 178,838 0
WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families UPDATED! 116 families of seed plants 119,858 433
Species 2000 additional Common Names for the Catalogue of Life 0 0
WoRMS Bochusacea: World List of Bochusacea UPDATED! 6 0
Dothideomycetes UPDATED! 5,126 0
Gymnodinium: The dinoflagellate genus Gymnodinium checklist NEW! 228 31
WoRMS Turbellarians: World List of turbellarian worms: Acoelomorpha, Catenulida, Rhabditophora NEW! 6,193 2
WoRMS Antipatharia: World List of Antipatharia NEW! 269 0
WoRMS Corallimorpharia: World List of Corallimorpharia NEW! 46 0
WoRMS Scleractinia: World List of Scleractinia NEW! 1,587 86
WoRMS Zoantharia: World List of Zoantharia NEW! 284 0