Source databases

The data in current edition of the Catalogue of Life have been provided by 169 databases. Most datasets include one or more global species database sectors (GSDs), i.e. datasets being developed to cover all of the world's species in a particular group of organisms. Several datasets provide regional information for groups not yet covered globally. The datasets result from collaboration and editing by many expert taxonomists, whose names are found in the datasets themselves. A brief summary is listed below giving: database name; home page address; the author(s) or editor(s); host organisation; the group for which data are provided, preceded by its higher classification; and the number of species and infraspecific taxa included in this checklist.

Database Qualifiers
In the Catalogue of Life we introduce "Database Qualifiers" which shown in the interface. Qualifiers give users a quick guide to the reliability of presented data. Qualifiers have been given by authors/editors of each database and appear on the Database Details page, and alongside, with the database name on each Species Details page. Qualifiers reflect data reliability in the Catalogue of Life only, and are not applicable to the original view of the database throught its own website. Qualifiers include:

• Geographic Coverage (values G for "Global" and R for "Regional")
• Taxonomic Completeness (values 1 - 100%)
• Checklist Confidence (values , see below for details)
- Caution! This data set does not contain well-scrutinised taxonomic checklist, and in parts may be a list of taxonomically unvetted names only. However, it is used temporarily by the Catalogue of Life to fill major gaps as only available source at the time. See database abstract for more details.
- Caution! This data set is a scrutinised taxonomic checklist, but it is incomplete and at an early stage of its development. See database abstract for more details.
- This is a well-scrutinised taxonomic checklist, but it is restricted to a subset of species by geography (regional database), or sector of biological discipline (e.g. thematic database in particular ecological area, conservation, quarantine, pest and disease control, medicine or molecular biology, etc). This data set was included in the Catalogue of Life to fill gaps at lower levels of the taxonomic classification (e.g. species, genera) as temporarily solution. See database abstract for more details.
- This is a nearly complete and fully scrutinised taxonomic checklist with a good quality of expertise at the current stage of its development.
- This is a complete and fully scrutinised taxonomic checklist for an entire taxon with a high quality of expertise and frequent updates, which covers nearly all known species diversity in the taxon worldwide.


Source database English name of the group ascending Living species Extinct species
Species 2000 additional Common Names for the Catalogue of Life 0 0
WoRMS Bochusacea: World List of Bochusacea UPDATED! 6 0
Dothideomycetes 5,296 0
WoRMS Acoelomorpha: World list of Acoelomorpha UPDATED! 451 0
Gymnodinium: The dinoflagellate genus Gymnodinium checklist NEW! 345 31
WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 113 families of seed plants 120,279 0
World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World UPDATED! 293 families of flowering plants 167,039 0
IRMNG: Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera NEW! All genera 0 0
AphidSF: Aphid Species File UPDATED! Aphids and allied groups 5,227 315
FADA Halacaridae: World checklist of freshwater Halacaridae species Aquatic mites 59 0
WoRMS Chaetognatha: World list of Chaetognatha UPDATED! Arrow worms 131 0
WoRMS Ascidiacea: Ascidiacea World Database NEW! Ascidians, sea squirts 2,914 0
Saccharomycetes Ascomycetous yeast forming fungi 1,087 0
PsocodeaSF: Psocodea Species File UPDATED! Bark lices & parasitic lices 10,321 130
BdelloideaBase: Bdellid & Cunaxid Databases Bdellid and cunaxid mites 665 0
ITIS Bees: World Bee Checklist Bees 20,446 0
CoL Management Classification: A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms Biota 0 0
WoRMS Cubozoa: World list of Cubozoa NEW! Box jellyfishes, sea wasps 46 0
WoRMS Brachypoda: World List of Brachypoda UPDATED! Brachypods 12 0
LecyPages: The Lecythidaceae Pages Brazil nut family 311 0
WoRMS Polychaeta: World Polychaeta database UPDATED! Bristle worms 11,425 499
WoRMS Ophiuroidea: World Ophiuroidea database UPDATED! Brittle stars and basket stars 2,077 277
3i Curculio: 3i taxonomic databases, Curculionidae, subfamily Entiminae UPDATED! Broad-nosed weevils 13,322 20
WoRMS Bryozoa: World List of Bryozoa UPDATED! Bryozoans, moss animals 5,591 57
LepIndex: The Global Lepidoptera Names Index Butterflies and moths 136,051 0
ChiloBase: A World Catalogue of Centipedes (Chilopoda) for the web Centipedes 3,146 0
UCD: Universal Chalcidoidea Database Chalcidoid wasps 19,846 0
3i Cicadoidea: 3i interactive keys and taxonomic databases, superfamily Cicadoidea Cicadas 3,079 66
CilCat: The World Ciliate Catalog Ciliates 8,668 0
Tineidae NHM: Global Taxonomic Database of Tineidae (Lepidoptera) Clothes-moths 2,443 0
CockroachSF: Cockroach Species File UPDATED! Cockroaches 4,648 0
WoRMS Ctenophora: Phylum Ctenophora, a list of all valid species names harvested from the Internet between 1998 - present NEW! Comb jellies, sea walnuts 200 11
Conifer Database Conifers 615 0
FADA Copepoda: World checklist of freshwater Copepoda species Copepods 703 0
HymIS: Hymenoptera Information System Crabronids, spider-hunting and rhopalosomatid wasps 11,096 0
WoRMS Brachyura: World List of marine Brachyura UPDATED! Crabs 7,047 2
CCW: Catalogue of Craneflies of the World Craneflies 14,827 0
RJB Geranium: Geranium Taxonomic Information System Cranesbills, geraniums 344 0
Brassicaceae species checklist and database Crucifers, mustard or cabbage family 3,778 0
ChrysididaeSF: Chrysididae Species File UPDATED! Cuckoo wasps or emerald wasps 189 2
WoRMS Cumacea: World Cumacea database UPDATED! Cumaceans or hooded shrimps 1,533 0
AnnonBase: Annonaceae GSD Custard apples 2,440 0
The World List of Cycads, online edition Cycads 353 0
SysMyr: Systematic Myriapod Database Diplopods, pauropods and symphylans 12,635 0
Odonata: Global Species Database of Odonata Dragonflies and damselflies 5,912 0
WoRMS Oligochaeta: World List of Marine Oligochaeta UPDATED! Earthworms, oligochaetes 1,069 0
DermapteraSF: Dermaptera Species File UPDATED! Earwigs 1,895 41
WoRMS Echiura: World list of Echiura NEW! Echiurans, burrow worms, spoon worms 191 0
World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World UPDATED! Ferns and fern-allies 13,233 0
FishBase Fishes 33,388 0
IOPI Global Plant Checklist Five families of seed plants 1,845 0
Parhost: World Database of Fleas Fleas 2,047 0
Systema Dipterorum Flies, mosquitoes, bots, midges and gnats 138,934 0
WoRMS Trematoda: World list of Trematoda Flukes 1,785 0
WoRMS Foraminifera: World Foraminifera Database UPDATED! Foraminifers 8,956 0
WoRMS Proseriata-Kalyptorhynchia: World database of Proseriata and Kalyptorhynchia Freeliving flatworms 1,005 0
FADA Nematomorpha: World checklist of freshwater Nematomorpha species Freshwater hairworms 356 0
COOL: Cercopoidea Organised On Line UPDATED! Froghoppers 2,613 0
Trichomycetes Fungi associated with Arthropods 385 0
Xylariaceae: Home of the Xylariaceae Fungi associated with dead wood 3,412 0
Species Fungorum Fungi; protozoan fungi; chromistan fungi 111,519 0
WoRMS Gastrotricha: World Gastrotricha Database UPDATED! Gastrotrichs or hairy backs 832 0
MantophasmatodeaSF: Mantophasmatodea Species File UPDATED! Gladiators or rock crawlers 19 6
Glomeromycota Glomeromycota 272 0
WoRMS Gnathostomulida: World list of Gnathostomulida UPDATED! Gnathostomulids or jaw worms 101 0
ChenoBase: Chenopodiaceae GSD Goosefoot family 2,007 0
Global Gracillariidae: Global Taxonomic Database of Gracillariidae Gracillariid moths 1,855 0
OrthopteraSF: Orthoptera Species File UPDATED! Grasshoppers, locusts, katydids, crickets 27,001 740
CarabCat: Global database of ground beetles Ground beetles 37,404 0
GloBIS (GART): Global Butterfly Information System Hairstreaks, blues, coppers, swallowtails and whites 8,001 0
ELPT: Early Land Plants Today Hornworts and liverworts 7,393 210
WoRMS Merostomata: World list of Merostomata UPDATED! Horseshoe crabs 4 0
Phoronida Database UPDATED! Horseshoe worms 19 0
WoRMS Thermosbaenacea: World List of Thermosbaenacea UPDATED! Hot-springs shrimps 36 0
WoRMS Hydrozoa: World Hydrozoa database UPDATED! Hydroids 3,678 32
GrylloblattodeaSF: Grylloblattodea Species File UPDATED! Ice crawlers 33 545
Taxapad Ichneumonoidea Ichneumonid and braconid wasps 42,370 0
WoRMS Scyphozoa: World list of Scyphozoa NEW! Jellyfishes 190 0
Psyl'list: Psylloidea database UPDATED! Jumping plant lice 3,412 52
ETI WBD: World Biodiversity Database (Euphausiacea) Krill 86 0
Lace Bugs Database (Hemiptera: Tingidae) UPDATED! Lace bugs 2,338 13
LDL NSW: Neuropterida Species of the World UPDATED! Lacewings, antlions, owlflies, fishflies, dobsonflies, snakeflies and relatives 6,518 925
Brachiopoda Database UPDATED! Lamp-shells 396 0
WoRMS Cephalochordata: World list of Cephalochordata UPDATED! Lancelets 30 0
3i Cicadellinae: 3i interactive keys and taxonomic databases, subfamily Cicadellinae Leafhoppers 2,381 14
3i Typhlocybinae: 3i interactive keys and taxonomic databases, subfamily Typhlocybinae Leafhoppers 4,805 10
CoreoideaSF: Coreoidea Species File UPDATED! Leatherbugs 3,107 12
ILDIS World Database of Legumes Legumes 16,371 0
WoRMS Leptostraca: World List of Leptostraca UPDATED! Leptostraca 59 2
LIAS: A Global Information System for Lichenized and Non-Lichenized Ascomycetes Lichens 9,614 0
TITAN: Cerambycidae database Longhorn beetles, timber beetles 33,955 0
WoRMS Loricifera: World list of Loricifera NEW! Loriciferans 28 0
WoRMS Mollusca: MolluscaBase (2017) Marine molluscs 51,857 8,076
FADA Ephemeroptera: World checklist of freshwater Ephemeroptera species Mayflies 3,341 0
Microsporidia: Unicellular spore-forming protozoan parasites Microsporidians 1,223 0
WoRMS Monogenea: World list of Monogenea Monogenean flatworms 1,868 0
MBB: Moss Bug Base Moss bugs 32 0
MOST: Moss TROPICOS Database Mosses 13,364 0
WoRMS Kinorhyncha: World list of Kinorhyncha UPDATED! Mud dragons 188 0
WoRMS Mystacocarida: World List of Mystacocarida UPDATED! Mystacocarids 13 0
WoRMS Myxozoa: World list of Myxozoa Myxozoans 194 0
Solanaceae Source Nightshade genus 1,082 0
Mites GSDs: OlogamasidBase Ologamasid mites 446 0
WoRMS Orthonectida: World list of Orthonectida UPDATED! Orthonectids 25 0
WoRMS Ostracoda: World Ostracoda Database NEW! Ostracods 6,007 0
PaleoBioDB: The Paleobiology Database Paleoradiolarians, trilobites, paleodecapods, ammonites, belemnites, paleobrachyopods, dinosaurs and other paleoreptiles 0 35,327
WoRMS Appendicularia: World list of Appendicularia NEW! Pelagic tunicates 67 0
CIPA: Computer Aided Identification of Phlebotomine sandflies of Americas Phlebotomine sandflies 396 0
Mites GSDs: PhytoseiidBase Phytoseiid mites 2,186 0
Nepticuloidea: Nepticulidae and Opostegidae of the World Pigmy moths & white eyecap moths 1,055 18
WoRMS Isopoda: World Marine, Freshwater and Terrestrial Isopod Crustaceans database UPDATED! Pillbugs, slaters and woodlice 10,178 26
Zygomycetes Pin moulds and related fungi 1,047 0
WoRMS Placozoa: World Placozoa Database UPDATED! Placozoans or pancake animals 1 0
FADA Turbellaria: World checklist of freshwater Turbellaria species Planarians 1,449 0
PBI Plant Bug: On-line Systematic Catalog of Plant Bugs (Insecta: Heteroptera: Miridae) Plant bugs 11,138 0
FLOW: Fulgoromorpha Lists On the WEB UPDATED! Planthoppers 12,907 302
WoRMS Polycystina: World list of Polycystina (Radiolaria) UPDATED! Polycystines (radiolarian protists) 417 0
MantodeaSF: Mantodea Species File UPDATED! Praying mantids 2,478 26
WoRMS Priapulida: World list of Priapulida UPDATED! Priapulid worms or penis worms 20 0
WoRMS Remipedia: World Remipedia Database UPDATED! Remipedes 28 0
The Reptile Database Reptiles 10,233 0
Mites GSDs: RhodacaridBase Rhodacarid mites 145 0
WoRMS Rhombozoa: World list of Rhombozoa UPDATED! Rhombozoans 122 0
WoRMS Nemertea: World Nemertea Database UPDATED! Ribbon worms 1,372 1
FADA Rotifera: Annotated checklist of the rotifers (Phylum Rotifera) Rotifers 2,014 0
ScaleNet: Systematic Database of the Scale Insects of the World Scale insects 7,090 0
Scarabs: World Scarabaeidae Database UPDATED! Scarab beetles 38,826 274
The Scorpion Files Scorpions 2,217 0
WoRMS Hexacoral: Hexacorallians of the World NEW! Sea anemones, tube anemones, hard corals, black corals 3,295 86
WoRMS Holothuroidea: World List of Holothuroidea UPDATED! Sea cucumbers 1,695 0
WoRMS PycnoBase: World Pycnogonida Database NEW! Sea spiders 1,344 10
WoRMS Echinoidea: World Echinoidea Database UPDATED! Sea urchins 1,011 2,230
LygaeoideaSF: Lygaeoidea Species File UPDATED! Seed bugs 4,159 113
Nomen.eumycetozoa.com: An online nomenclatural information system of Eumycetozoa Slime moulds 1,166 0
WoRMS Octocorallia: World list of Octocorallia UPDATED! Soft corals, blue coral, sea pens and gorgonians 3,609 3
SpmWeb: Spider Mites Web Spider mites 1,265 0
WSC: World Spider Catalog Spiders 45,826 0
WoRMS Porifera: World Porifera database UPDATED! Sponges 8,845 28
WoRMS Staurozoa: World list of Staurozoa NEW! Stalked jellyfishes 50 0
WoRMS Asteroidea: World Asteroidea database UPDATED! Starfish or sea stars 1,874 1
PhasmidaSF: Phasmida Species File UPDATED! Stick and leaf insects 3,152 0
PlecopteraSF: Plecoptera Species File UPDATED! Stoneflies 3,643 228
Brentids: Brentidae of the World UPDATED! Straight-snouted weevils 1,755 0
Droseraceae Database Sundew family 179 0
WoRMS Tanaidacea: World List of Tanaidacea UPDATED! Tanaids 1,373 15
WoRMS Tantulocarida: World List of Tantulocarida UPDATED! Tantulocaridans 36 0
WoRMS Cestoda: World list of Cestoda Tapeworms 1,583 0
Rhytismatales Tar-spot fungi 705 0
Mites GSDs: TenuipalpidBase Tenuipalpid mites 887 0
Tessaratomidae Database: Illustrated catalog of Tessaratomidae UPDATED! Tessaratomids 252 1
WoRMS Thaliacea: World list of Thaliacea NEW! Thaliaceans 78 0
TicksBase Ticks 867 0
MOWD: Membracoidea of the World Database Treehoppers and leafhoppers 15,387 0
Phyllachorales Tropical tar-spot fungi 1,339 0
WoRMS Ceriantharia: World list of Ceriantharia NEW! Tube-dwelling anemones 135 0
Fauna Europaea, subphylum Turbellaria (Platyhelminthes) Turbellarians 237 0
Strepsiptera Database: Global Strepsiptera Database UPDATED! Twisted-winged parasites 602 11
NZIB: New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity Various animalian taxa from New Zealand 2,057 0
Catalogue of Life China Various taxa from China 2,309 0
ZOBODAT: Zoological-Botanical Database (Vespoidea) Vespid wasps 6,203 0
ICTV/MSL: International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses / Master Species List Viruses and subviral agents 3,186 0
LHD: Lacistemataceae Holistic Database Waits Numi plant family 24 0
FADA Cladocera: World checklist of freshwater Cladocera species Water fleas 1,043 0
WWW: World Wide Wattle Wattles, thorntrees, acacias 1,469 0
EmbiopteraSF: Embioptera Species File UPDATED! Webspinners 397 15
WTaxa: Electronic Catalogue of Weevil names (Curculionoidea) Weevils 84,759 0
The White-Files: Taxonomic checklist of the world’s whiteflies (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) UPDATED! Whiteflies 1,557 0
ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System UPDATED! Wide range of global taxonomic checklists of different taxa 103,170 0
ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System UPDATED! Wide range of taxa in all kingdoms 40,352 0
WoRMS Xenoturbellida: World List of Xenoturbellida UPDATED! Xenoturbellids 5 0
ZorapteraSF: Zoraptera Species File UPDATED! Zorapterans 40 9