Source databases

The data in current edition of the Catalogue of Life have been provided by 170 resources. Most datasets include one or more global species database sectors (GSDs), i.e. datasets being developed to cover all of the world's species in a particular group of organisms. Several datasets provide regional information for groups not yet covered globally. The datasets result from collaboration and editing by many expert taxonomists, whose names are found in the datasets themselves. A brief summary is listed below giving: database name; home page address; the author(s) or editor(s); host organisation; the group for which data are provided, preceded by its higher classification; and the number of species and infraspecific taxa included in this checklist.

Database Qualifiers
In the Catalogue of Life we introduce "Database Qualifiers" which shown in the interface. Qualifiers give users a quick guide to the reliability of presented data. Qualifiers have been given by authors/editors of each database and appear on the Database Details page, and alongside, with the database name on each Species Details page. Qualifiers reflect data reliability in the Catalogue of Life only, and are not applicable to the original view of the database throught its own website. Qualifiers include:

• Geographic Coverage (values G for "Global" and R for "Regional")
• Taxonomic Completeness (values 1 - 100%)
• Checklist Confidence (values , see below for details)
- Caution! This data set does not contain well-scrutinised taxonomic checklist, and in parts may be a list of taxonomically unvetted names only. However, it is used temporarily by the Catalogue of Life to fill major gaps as only available source at the time. See database abstract for more details.
- Caution! This data set is a scrutinised taxonomic checklist, but it is incomplete and at an early stage of its development. See database abstract for more details.
- This is a well-scrutinised taxonomic checklist, but it is restricted to a subset of species by geography (regional database), or sector of biological discipline (e.g. thematic database in particular ecological area, conservation, quarantine, pest and disease control, medicine or molecular biology, etc). This data set was included in the Catalogue of Life to fill gaps at lower levels of the taxonomic classification (e.g. species, genera) as temporarily solution. See database abstract for more details.
- This is a nearly complete and fully scrutinised taxonomic checklist with a good quality of expertise at the current stage of its development.
- This is a complete and fully scrutinised taxonomic checklist for an entire taxon with a high quality of expertise and frequent updates, which covers nearly all known species diversity in the taxon worldwide.


Source database English name of the group Living species Extinct species ascending
CCW: Catalogue of Craneflies of the World Craneflies 14,827 0
CIPA: Computer Aided Identification of Phlebotomine sandflies of Americas Phlebotomine sandflies 396 0
Species 2000 additional Common Names for the Catalogue of Life 0 0
The Reptile Database Reptiles 10,233 0
ETI WBD: World Biodiversity Database (Euphausiacea) Krill 86 0
FishBase Fishes 33,932 0
Glomeromycota Glomeromycota 284 0
ICTV/MSL: International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses / Master Species List Viruses and subviral agents 3,186 0
ILDIS World Database of Legumes Legumes 16,371 0
ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System Wide range of taxa in all kingdoms 34,268 0
LepIndex: The Global Lepidoptera Names Index Butterflies and moths 135,016 0
MOST: Moss TROPICOS Database Mosses 13,364 0
Odonata: Global Species Database of Odonata Dragonflies and damselflies 5,912 0
Parhost: World Database of Fleas Fleas 2,047 0
Phyllachorales Tropical tar-spot fungi 1,311 0
WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 116 families of seed plants 120,291 0
Rhytismatales Tar-spot fungi 769 0
ScaleNet: Systematic Database of the Scale Insects of the World Scale insects 7,090 0
Species Fungorum Fungi; protozoan fungi; chromistan fungi 115,209 0
WSC: World Spider Catalog Spiders 46,609 0
TicksBase Ticks 867 0
Tineidae NHM: Global Taxonomic Database of Tineidae (Lepidoptera) Clothes-moths 2,443 0
TITAN: Cerambycidae database Longhorn beetles, timber beetles 33,955 0
Trichomycetes Fungi associated with Arthropods 385 0
UCD: Universal Chalcidoidea Database Chalcidoid wasps 19,846 0
Xylariaceae: Home of the Xylariaceae Fungi associated with dead wood 2,071 0
ZOBODAT: Zoological-Botanical Database (Vespoidea) Vespid wasps 6,203 0
Zygomycetes Pin moulds and related fungi 1,079 0
WTaxa: Electronic Catalogue of Weevil names (Curculionoidea) Weevils 84,759 0
AnnonBase: Annonaceae GSD Custard apples 2,440 0
ChiloBase: A World Catalogue of Centipedes (Chilopoda) for the web Centipedes 3,146 0
Conifer Database Conifers 615 0
GloBIS (GART): Global Butterfly Information System Hairstreaks, blues, coppers, swallowtails and whites 8,001 0
FADA Rotifera: Annotated checklist of the rotifers (Phylum Rotifera) Rotifers 2,014 0
RJB Geranium: Geranium Taxonomic Information System Cranesbills, geraniums 320 0
Global Gracillariidae: Global Taxonomic Database of Gracillariidae Gracillariid moths 1,855 0
SF Phasmida: Phasmida Species File Stick and leaf insects 3,196 0
SF Cockroach: Cockroach Species File UPDATED! Cockroaches 4,649 0
COOL: Cercopoidea Organised On Line UPDATED! Froghoppers 2,624 0
Nomen.eumycetozoa.com: An online nomenclatural information system of Eumycetozoa Slime molds 1,184 0
Brachiopoda Database Lamp-shells 396 0
WoRMS Cumacea: World Cumacea Database UPDATED! Cumaceans or hooded shrimps 1,606 0
Mites GSDs: OlogamasidBase Ologamasid mites 446 0
Droseraceae Database Sundew family 179 0
ITIS Bees: World Bee Checklist Bees 20,446 0
Taxapad Ichneumonoidea Ichneumonid and braconid wasps 42,370 0
Mites GSDs: RhodacaridBase Rhodacarid mites 145 0
Mites GSDs: PhytoseiidBase Phytoseiid mites 2,186 0
Brassicaceae species checklist and database Crucifers, mustard or cabbage family 3,778 0
NZIB: New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity Various animalian taxa from New Zealand 1,677 0
MBB: Moss Bug Base Moss bugs 32 0
Mites GSDs: TenuipalpidBase Tenuipalpid mites 887 0
LIAS: A Global Information System for Lichenized and Non-Lichenized Ascomycetes Lichens 9,614 0
BdelloideaBase: Bdellid & Cunaxid Databases Bdellid and cunaxid mites 665 0
SpmWeb: Spider Mites Web Spider mites 1,265 0
WoRMS Bochusacea: World List of Bochusacea UPDATED! 6 0
WoRMS Brachypoda: World List of Brachypoda UPDATED! Brachypods 12 0
WoRMS Mystacocarida: World List of Mystacocarida UPDATED! Mystacocarids 13 0
WoRMS Remipedia: World Remipedia Database UPDATED! Remipedes 29 0
WoRMS Tantulocarida: World List of Tantulocarida UPDATED! Tantulocaridans 38 0
WoRMS Thermosbaenacea: World List of Thermosbaenacea UPDATED! Hot-springs shrimps 38 0
MOWD: Membracoidea of the World Database Treehoppers and leafhoppers 15,387 0
Saccharomycetes Ascomycetous yeast forming fungi 1,086 0
Dothideomycetes 5,126 0
WoRMS Oligochaeta: World List of Marine Oligochaeta UPDATED! Earthworms, oligochaetes 1,984 0
WoRMS Xenoturbellida: World List of Xenoturbellida UPDATED! Xenoturbellids 5 0
Systema Dipterorum Flies, mosquitoes, bots, midges and gnats 138,934 0
Phoronida Database Horseshoe worms 19 0
WoRMS Holothuroidea: World List of Holothuroidea UPDATED! Sea cucumbers 1,712 0
WoRMS Polycystina: World List of Polycystina (Radiolaria) UPDATED! Polycystines (radiolarian protists) 417 0
CilCat: The World Ciliate Catalog Ciliates 8,667 0
ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System Wide range of global taxonomic checklists of different taxa 103,449 0
FADA Nematomorpha: World checklist of freshwater Nematomorpha species Freshwater hairworms 356 0
FADA Ephemeroptera: World checklist of freshwater Ephemeroptera species Mayflies 3,341 0
Catalogue of Life China Various taxa from China 2,255 0
WoRMS Gastrotricha: World Gastrotricha Database UPDATED! Gastrotrichs or hairy backs 841 0
WoRMS Placozoa: World Placozoa Database UPDATED! Placozoans or pancake animals 1 0
WoRMS Priapulida: World List of Priapulida UPDATED! Priapulid worms or penis worms 20 0
WoRMS Gnathostomulida: World List of Gnathostomulida UPDATED! Gnathostomulids or jaw worms 101 0
WoRMS Cestoda: World List of Cestoda Tapeworms 1,905 0
WoRMS Trematoda: World List of Trematoda Flukes 5,707 0
WoRMS Myxozoa: World list of Myxozoa Myxozoans 194 0
WoRMS Chaetognatha: World List of Chaetognatha UPDATED! Arrow worms 131 0
FADA Cladocera: World checklist of freshwater Cladocera species Water fleas 1,043 0
FADA Halacaridae: World checklist of freshwater Halacaridae species Aquatic mites 59 0
World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Ferns and fern-allies 13,271 0
World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World 310 families of flowering plants 179,210 0
The White-Files: Taxonomic checklist of the world’s whiteflies (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) UPDATED! Whiteflies 1,562 0
Microsporidia: Unicellular spore-forming protozoan parasites Microsporidians 1,222 0
WoRMS Orthonectida: World List of Orthonectida UPDATED! Orthonectids 25 0
WoRMS Rhombozoa: World List of Rhombozoa UPDATED! Rhombozoans 122 0
WoRMS Merostomata: World List of Merostomata UPDATED! Horseshoe crabs 4 0
WoRMS Kinorhyncha: World List of Kinorhyncha UPDATED! Mud dragons 188 0
WoRMS Cephalochordata: World List of Cephalochordata UPDATED! Lancelets 30 0
WoRMS Foraminifera: World Foraminifera Database UPDATED! Foraminifers 8,972 0
Brentids: Brentidae of the World UPDATED! Straight-snouted weevils 1,755 0
WWW: World Wide Wattle Wattles, thorntrees, acacias 1,476 0
The World List of Cycads, online edition Cycads 353 0
The Scorpion Files Scorpions 2,217 0
PBI Plant Bug: On-line Systematic Catalog of Plant Bugs (Insecta: Heteroptera: Miridae) Plant bugs 11,138 0
WoRMS Ostracoda: World Ostracoda Database UPDATED! Ostracods 6,306 0
WoRMS Hexacoral: Hexacorallians (Actiniaria) of the World UPDATED! Sea anemones, tube anemones, hard corals, black corals 1,129 0
WoRMS Appendicularia: World List of Appendicularia UPDATED! Pelagic tunicates 68 0
WoRMS Ceriantharia: World list of Ceriantharia UPDATED! Tube-dwelling anemones 136 0
WoRMS Cubozoa: World list of Cubozoa UPDATED! Box jellyfishes, sea wasps 47 0
WoRMS Loricifera: World list of Loricifera UPDATED! Loriciferans 28 0
WoRMS Staurozoa: World list of Staurozoa UPDATED! Stalked jellyfishes 50 0
WoRMS Thaliacea: World list of Thaliacea UPDATED! Thaliaceans 78 0
WoRMS Ascidiacea: Ascidiacea World Database UPDATED! Ascidians, sea squirts 2,916 0
WoRMS Scyphozoa: World list of Scyphozoa UPDATED! Jellyfishes 193 0
WoRMS Antipatharia: World List of Antipatharia UPDATED! 269 0
WoRMS Corallimorpharia: World List of Corallimorpharia UPDATED! 46 0
WoRMS Zoantharia: World List of Zoantharia UPDATED! 284 0
Pterophoroidea: Catalogue of the Pterophoroidea of the World Plume moths 1,463 0
CoL Management Classification: A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms Biota 0 0
IRMNG: Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera All genera 0 0
Animal biodiversity: An Outline of Higher-level Classification and Survey of Taxonomic Richness (Addenda 2013) Animal classification 0 0
WoRMS Monogenea: World List of Monogenea Monogenean flatworms 4,193 1
Tessaratomidae Database: Illustrated catalog of Tessaratomidae UPDATED! Tessaratomids 255 1
WoRMS Nemertea: World Nemertea Database UPDATED! Ribbon worms 1,379 2
WoRMS Leptostraca: World List of Leptostraca UPDATED! Leptostraca 60 2
WoRMS Brachyura: World List of marine Brachyura UPDATED! Crabs 7,402 2
WoRMS Copepoda: World of Copepods database UPDATED! Copepods 14,699 2
WoRMS Turbellarians: World List of turbellarian worms: Acoelomorpha, Catenulida, Rhabditophora UPDATED! 6,177 2
WoRMS Octocorallia: World List of Octocorallia UPDATED! Soft corals, blue coral, sea pens and gorgonians 3,601 3
WoRMS Asteroidea: World Asteroidea Database UPDATED! Starfish or sea stars 1,880 4
HymIS: Hymenoptera Information System Crabronids, spider-hunting and rhopalosomatid wasps 13,798 4
SF Mantophasmatodea: Mantophasmatodea Species File Gladiators or rock crawlers 19 6
SF Chrysididae: Chrysididae Species File UPDATED! Cuckoo wasps or emerald wasps 190 7
SF Zoraptera: Zoraptera Species File Zorapterans 43 9
WoRMS PycnoBase: World Pycnogonida Database UPDATED! Sea spiders 1,344 10
Strepsiptera Database: Global Strepsiptera Database UPDATED! Twisted-winged parasites 602 11
WoRMS Ctenophora: Phylum Ctenophora, a list of all valid species names harvested from the Internet between 1998 - present UPDATED! Comb jellies, sea walnuts 200 11
SF Coreoidea: Coreoidea Species File UPDATED! Leatherbugs 3,107 12
WoRMS MilliBase: MilliBase UPDATED! Diplopods, pauropods and symphylans 15,982 12
Lace Bugs Database (Hemiptera: Tingidae) UPDATED! Lace bugs 2,338 13
SF Embioptera: Embioptera Species File UPDATED! Webspinners 398 17
Nepticuloidea: Nepticulidae and Opostegidae of the World Pigmy moths & white eyecap moths 1,055 18
WoRMS Tanaidacea: World List of Tanaidacea UPDATED! Tanaids 1,402 22
3i Curculio: 3i taxonomic databases, Curculionidae, subfamily Entiminae Broad-nosed weevils 13,546 23
SF Mantodea: Mantodea Species File UPDATED! Praying mantids 2,490 26
WoRMS Isopoda: World Marine, Freshwater and Terrestrial Isopod Crustaceans database UPDATED! Pillbugs, slaters and woodlice 10,341 29
Gymnodinium: The dinoflagellate genus Gymnodinium checklist 228 31
WoRMS Hydrozoa: World Hydrozoa Database UPDATED! Hydroids 3,712 32
WoRMS Porifera: World Porifera database UPDATED! Sponges 8,989 34
SF Dermaptera: Dermaptera Species File UPDATED! Earwigs 1,894 48
Psyl'list: Psylloidea database UPDATED! Jumping plant lice 3,498 52
SF Coleorrhyncha: Coleorrhyncha Species File UPDATED! Fossilised moss bugs 0 66
WoRMS Scleractinia: World List of Scleractinia UPDATED! 1,581 86
SF Lygaeoidea: Lygaeoidea Species File UPDATED! Seed bugs 4,272 113
Fossil Ginkgoales NEW! Ginkgos 0 124
SF Psocodea: Psocodea Species File Bark lices & parasitic lices 10,852 138
SF Isoptera: Isoptera Species File Termites 2,919 144
WoRMS Bryozoa: World List of Bryozoa UPDATED! Bryozoans, moss animals 5,442 176
Jewel Beetles: The World of Jewel Beetles Jewel beetles 14,718 176
ELPT: Early Land Plants Today Hornworts and liverworts 7,424 225
SF Plecoptera: Plecoptera Species File Stoneflies 3,662 231
WoRMS Ophiuroidea: World Ophiuroidea database UPDATED! Brittle stars and basket stars 2,087 277
Scarabs: World Scarabaeidae Database UPDATED! Scarab beetles 39,063 280
FLOW: Fulgoromorpha Lists On the WEB UPDATED! Planthoppers 13,126 307
SF Aphid: Aphid Species File UPDATED! Aphids and allied groups 5,247 321
CarabCat: Global database of ground beetles Ground beetles 39,360 408
WoRMS Polychaeta: World Polychaeta database UPDATED! Bristle worms 11,675 507
3i Auchenorrhyncha: World Auchenorrhyncha Database Cicadas, leafhoppers & treehoppers 10,456 523
SF Grylloblattodea: Grylloblattodea Species File UPDATED! Ice crawlers 34 542
SF Orthoptera: Orthoptera Species File Grasshoppers, locusts, katydids, crickets 27,240 759
LDL NSW: Neuropterida Species of the World Lacewings, antlions, owlflies, fishflies, dobsonflies, snakeflies and relatives 6,518 925
WoRMS Echinoidea: World Echinoidea Database UPDATED! Sea urchins 1,013 3,134
WoRMS Mollusca: MolluscaBase Marine molluscs 58,985 9,967
PaleoBioDB: The Paleobiology Database Paleoradiolarians, trilobites, paleodecapods, ammonites, belemnites, paleobrachyopods, dinosaurs and other paleoreptiles 0 39,976