Database Details : Rhytismatales

Full name: Rhytismatales
Short name: Rhytismatales
Version: Jan 2016
Release date: 2016-01-22
Authors/editors: Minter D.W.
Taxonomic coverage: Fungi - Ascomycota - Leotiomycetes - Rhytismatales
English name of the group: Tar-spot fungi
Number of living species 705
Number of living infraspecific taxa 0
Number of extinct species: 0
Number of extinct infraspecific taxa: 0
Number of synonyms: 905
Number of common names: 0
Total number of names: 1,610
Abstract: The Rhytismatales, commonly referred to as ‘tar-spot’ fungi, are facultatively biotrophic, necrotrophic or saprobic on leaves and bark, sometimes also fruits, seeds and wood, frequently beginning as symptomless endobionts, later fruiting when the substratum has died. Those causing economic damage as needle diseases in conifers are the least poorly known. Their positive value as nutrient recyclers, and their possible protective role as endobionts is almost completely unevaluated. Most records are from the north temperate to subarctic zones, or from southern South America and Australasia; many collections are on conifers, the Ericaceae and Gramineae. Some species are widespread and plurivorous; others highly host-specific and limited in distribution.
Organization: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, UK
Website: http://www.speciesfungorum.org
Bibliographic citation: Minter D.W. (2017). Rhytismatales (version Jan 2016). In: Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., Nieukerken E. van, Zarucchi J., Penev L., eds. (2017). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 28th November 2017. Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col. Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.