Database Details : Glomeromycota

Full name: Glomeromycota
Short name: Glomeromycota
Version: Jan 2016
Release date: 2016-01-22
Authors/editors: Schüßler A.
Taxonomic coverage: Fungi - Glomeromycota
English name of the group: Glomeromycota
Number of living species 272
Number of living infraspecific taxa 0
Number of extinct species: 0
Number of extinct infraspecific taxa: 0
Number of synonyms: 241
Number of common names: 0
Total number of names: 513
Abstract: The Glomeromycota are mycorrhiza forming fungi. Mycorrhiza (literally fungus-root) are mutualistic association of fungi with plant roots and the vast majority of plant species (probably >95%) are associated with mycorrhizal fungi; strictly speaking, plants do not have roots, they have mycorrhiza. The most widely distributed mycorrhizal 'type', both through the plant kingdom (formed by about 80% of all vascular plants) and geographically, is an endomycorrhiza formed by the Glomeromycota and called arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM). In this, hyphae colonize plant cells and produce finely branched structures (the arbuscules). This symbiosis feeds most land plants, the arbuscules facilitating nutrient exchange and water uptake and, by carbohydrate transport to the soil, also represent a relevant terrestrial carbon sink.
Organization: Department of Biology, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Germany
Website: http://www.AMF-phylogeny.com
Bibliographic citation: Schüßler A. (2017). Glomeromycota (version Jan 2016). In: Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., Nieukerken E. van, Zarucchi J., Penev L., eds. (2017). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 29th September 2017. Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col. Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.