Species Details : Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)

Accepted scientific name:
Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758) (accepted name) 1 literature reference for Sphyrna zygaena  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Synonyms:
Sphyrna lewini (non Griffith & Smith, 1834) (misapplied name) 1 literature reference for Sphyrna lewini (non Griffith & Smith, 1834)
Sphyrna mokarran (non Rüppell, 1837) (misapplied name) 1 literature reference for Sphyrna mokarran (non Rüppell, 1837)
Sphyrna zigaena (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym) 1 literature reference for Sphyrna zigaena (Linnaeus, 1758)
Spyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym) 1 literature reference for Spyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)
Squalis pictus Blainville, 1816 (ambiguous synonym) 1 literature reference for Squalis pictus Blainville, 1816
Squalus carolinensis Blainville, 1816 (ambiguous synonym) 1 literature reference for Squalus carolinensis Blainville, 1816
Squalus malleus (Valenciennes, 1822) (synonym) 1 literature reference for Squalus malleus (Valenciennes, 1822)
Squalus zygaena Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym) 1 literature reference for Squalus zygaena Linnaeus, 1758
Zygaena malleus Valenciennes, 1822 (synonym) 1 literature reference for Zygaena malleus Valenciennes, 1822
Zygaena subarcuata Storer, 1848 (synonym) 1 literature reference for Zygaena subarcuata Storer, 1848
Zygaena vulgaris Cloquet, 1830 (synonym) 1 literature reference for Zygaena vulgaris Cloquet, 1830
Common names:
Common name Transliteration Language Country
Tribon di cruz - - - Click here to show the literature
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Gladde hamerkop - Afrikaans South Africa Click here to show the literature
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Peshk çekiç - Albanian Albania Click here to show the literature
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Peshk karabinier - Albanian Albania Click here to show the literature
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Peshkkarabiner - Albanian Albania Click here to show the literature
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Peshku çekan - Albanian Albania Click here to show the literature
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Peshku çekiç - Albanian Albania Click here to show the literature
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Abou bornita - Arabic Egypt Click here to show the literature
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Abu-garn - Arabic Oman Click here to show the literature
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Aqrun - Arabic Persian Gulf. Click here to show the literature
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Iskandar - Arabic Lebanon Click here to show the literature
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Jarjur - Arabic Oman Click here to show the literature
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Jarjur al graram - Arabic Oman Click here to show the literature
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Hiu bingkoh - Bali Indonesia(Lombok) Click here to show the literature
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Hiu capil - Bali Indonesia(Bali) Click here to show the literature
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Korsan - Banton Philippines(Romblon Province) Click here to show the literature
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Awal - Bikol Philippines Click here to show the literature
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Kuros na pating - Bikol Philippines Click here to show the literature
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Tampugan - Bikol Philippines Click here to show the literature
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Nga-man-than-woot - Burmese Myanmar Click here to show the literature
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Tai tse sha - Cantonese Hong Kong Click here to show the literature
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Martell - Catalan Spain(Catalan Sea) Click here to show the literature
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Mbinguzi maigni - Comorian Comoros Click here to show the literature
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Mbinguzi moizi - Comorian Comoros Click here to show the literature
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Pesciu capellu - Corsican France(Corsica.) Click here to show the literature
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Requin marteau - Creole, French Mauritius Click here to show the literature
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Martelo - Creole, Portuguese Cape Verde Islands Click here to show the literature
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Peixe-martelo - Creole, Portuguese Cape Verde Islands Click here to show the literature
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Jaram - Croatian Croatia Click here to show the literature
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Almindelig hammerhaj - Danish Denmark Click here to show the literature
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Hammerhaj - Danish Denmark Click here to show the literature
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Gladde hamerhaai - Dutch Netherlands Click here to show the literature
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Hamerhaai - Dutch - Click here to show the literature
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Hamerhaai - Dutch Netherlands Click here to show the literature
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Hamerhaai - Dutch Suriname Click here to show the literature
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Common hammerhead - English - Click here to show the literature
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Common hammerhead - English Cuba Click here to show the literature
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Common hammerhead - English USA(Florida) Click here to show the literature
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Common hammerhead shark - English Australia Click here to show the literature
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Common hammerhead shark - English United Kingdom Click here to show the literature
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Common smooth hammerhead shark - English United Kingdom Click here to show the literature
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Great hammerhead - English - Click here to show the literature
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Hammerhead - English Malta Click here to show the literature
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Hammerhead - English Suriname Click here to show the literature
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Hammerhead shark - English - Click here to show the literature
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Hammerhead shark - English Australia Click here to show the literature
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Hammerhead shark - English Hong Kong Click here to show the literature
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Hammerhead shark - English Mauritius Click here to show the literature
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Hammerhead shark - English New Zealand Click here to show the literature
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Hammerhead shark - English United Kingdom Click here to show the literature
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Round headed hammerhead - English India(India) Click here to show the literature
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Round-headed hammer head shark - English India(India) Click here to show the literature
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Round-headed hammerhead - English India Click here to show the literature
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Round-headed hammerhead shark - English United Kingdom Click here to show the literature
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Scalloped hammerhead - English - Click here to show the literature
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Shark - English India(India) Click here to show the literature
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Smooth hammerhead - English - Click here to show the literature
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Smooth hammerhead - English Australia Click here to show the literature
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Smooth hammerhead - English Cuba Click here to show the literature
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Smooth hammerhead - English Malta Click here to show the literature
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Smooth hammerhead - English Mauritania Click here to show the literature
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Smooth hammerhead - English New Zealand Click here to show the literature
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Smooth hammerhead - English South Africa Click here to show the literature
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Smooth hammerhead - English United Kingdom Click here to show the literature
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Smooth hammerhead - English Uruguay Click here to show the literature
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Smooth hammerhead - English USA Click here to show the literature
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Smooth hammerhead shark - English - Click here to show the literature
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Smooth hammerhead shark - English Australia Click here to show the literature
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Smooth hammerhead shark - English New Zealand Click here to show the literature
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Harilik vasarhai - Estonian Estonia Click here to show the literature
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Vasarahai - Finnish Finland Click here to show the literature
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Cagnole - French France Click here to show the literature
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Grand requin marteau - French - Click here to show the literature
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Lou peï judiou - French France Click here to show the literature
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Marteau - French France Click here to show the literature
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Pantouflier - French - Click here to show the literature
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Pantouflier lavaco - French France Click here to show the literature
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Peï jouziou - French France Click here to show the literature
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Peï martel - French France Click here to show the literature
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Peïs judieú - French France Click here to show the literature
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Requin marteau - French France(Including Corsica.) Click here to show the literature
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Requin marteau - French Mauritania Click here to show the literature
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Requin marteau lisse - French Mauritius Click here to show the literature
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Requin-marteau - French France Click here to show the literature
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Requin-marteau commun - French Canada Click here to show the literature
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Requin-marteau commun - French France Click here to show the literature
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Requin-marteau halicorne - French - Click here to show the literature
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Scroesna - French France Click here to show the literature
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Gemeiner Hammerfisch - German Germany Click here to show the literature
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Gemeiner Hammerhai - German Germany Click here to show the literature
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Gewöhnlicher Hammerhai - German Germany Click here to show the literature
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Glatter Hammerhai - German Germany Click here to show the literature
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Hammerhai - German Germany Click here to show the literature
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Meerschlägel - German Germany Click here to show the literature
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Schlägelfisch - German Germany Click here to show the literature
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Kan moosi - Gujarati India(Gujarat) Click here to show the literature
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Kaner - Gujarati India(Gujarat) Click here to show the literature
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કનેર  Kaner Gujarati India
કાન મુસી  Kan moosi Gujarati India
Mano kihikihi - Hawaiian Hawaii Click here to show the literature
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Patishan - Hebrew Israel Click here to show the literature
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Balagbagan - Ilokano Philippines Click here to show the literature
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Capa a martiello - Italian Italy(Napoli.) Click here to show the literature
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Magniusa - Italian Italy(Olbia.) Click here to show the literature
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Magnosa - Italian Italy(Bari, Napoli, and Reggio Calabria.) Click here to show the literature
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Magnose - Italian Italy(Molfetta.) Click here to show the literature
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Magnusa - Italian Italy(Crotone and Messina.) Click here to show the literature
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Martello - Italian Italy(Roma, Camogli (Ligurian Sea)) Click here to show the literature
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Pei judiu - Italian Italy(Imperia.) Click here to show the literature
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Pesca martello - Italian Italy Click here to show the literature
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Pesce carabiniere - Italian Italy(Salerno and Viareggio.) Click here to show the literature
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Pesce martello - Italian Italy Click here to show the literature
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Pesce martello - Italian Malta Click here to show the literature
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Pesce martiello - Italian Italy(Torre del Greco.) Click here to show the literature
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Pescio scrossua - Italian Italy(Genova.) Click here to show the literature
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Pisci carabbineri - Italian Italy(Cagliari and Messina.) Click here to show the literature
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Pisci crozza - Italian Italy(Catania.) Click here to show the literature
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Pisci marteddu - Italian Italy(Palermo.) Click here to show the literature
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Pisci matteddu - Italian Italy(Catania.) Click here to show the literature
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Ribello - Italian Italy(Viareggio.) Click here to show the literature
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Squalo martello - Italian Italy Click here to show the literature
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Stampella - Italian Italy(Roma.) Click here to show the literature
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Shiro-shumokuzame - Japanese Japan Click here to show the literature
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Hiu caping - Javanese Indonesia(Jawa) Click here to show the literature
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Variocha - Kannada India Click here to show the literature
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ವರಿಓಛ  - Kannada India
Buntok martilyo - Kapampangan Philippines Click here to show the literature
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귀상어 Gwusangeo Korean - Click here to show the literature
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Sarikan - Kuyunon Philippines Click here to show the literature
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Viko - Malagasy Madagascar(Anakao and Soalara (Ref. 85553).) Click here to show the literature
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Jerong tenggiri - Malay (individual language) Malaysia Click here to show the literature
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Yu bengkong - Malay (individual language) Malaysia Click here to show the literature
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Yu mata jauh - Malay (individual language) Malaysia Click here to show the literature
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Yu palang - Malay (individual language) Malaysia Click here to show the literature
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Yu parang - Malay (individual language) Malaysia Click here to show the literature
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Yu sanggul - Malay (individual language) Malaysia Click here to show the literature
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Yu tukul - Malay (individual language) Malaysia Click here to show the literature
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Chadayan - Malayalam India(Kerala) Click here to show the literature
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Chattithalayan sravu - Malayalam India Click here to show the literature
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Kombansurav - Malayalam India(Laccadives Island) Click here to show the literature
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കൊന്പന് സുരവ്  - Malayalam India
കൊന്വന് സ്റാവ് - Malayalam India
ചടയന് - Malayalam India
ചട്ടിത്തലയന് സ്റാവ് - Malayalam India
ചാടയന്  - Malayalam India
Kurazza - Maltese Malta Click here to show the literature
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Kurazza komuni - Maltese Malta Click here to show the literature
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Pixximartell - Maltese Malta Click here to show the literature
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丫髻鮫 Ya ji jiao Mandarin Chinese Taiwan Click here to show the literature
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丫髻鲛 Ya ji jiao Mandarin Chinese China Click here to show the literature
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双过仔 Shuang gou zai Mandarin Chinese China Click here to show the literature
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双髻鲨 Shuang ji sha Mandarin Chinese China Click here to show the literature
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牦头沙 Li tou sha Mandarin Chinese China Click here to show the literature
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犛頭沙 Li tou sha Mandarin Chinese Taiwan Click here to show the literature
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錘頭雙髻鯊 Chuei tou shuang ji sha Mandarin Chinese China Click here to show the literature
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锤头双髻鲨 Chui tou shuang ji sha Mandarin Chinese China Click here to show the literature
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雙過仔 Shuang gou zai Mandarin Chinese Taiwan Click here to show the literature
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雙髻鯊 Shuang ji sha Mandarin Chinese Taiwan Click here to show the literature
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Kakere - Maori New Zealand Click here to show the literature
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Mango-pare - Maori New Zealand Click here to show the literature
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Mangopare - Maori New Zealand Click here to show the literature
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Boat - Marathi India Click here to show the literature
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Boot - Marathi India(Maharashtra) Click here to show the literature
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Kan mushi - Marathi India(Maharashtra) Click here to show the literature
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Kaner - Marathi India(Maharashtra) Click here to show the literature
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Kaneri - Marathi India(Maharashtra) Click here to show the literature
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कनीर - Marathi India
कनीरि - Marathi India
कान मुशी - Marathi India
बूत - Marathi India
Paterítsa - Modern Greek (1453-) Greece Click here to show the literature
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Pateritza - Modern Greek (1453-) Greece Click here to show the literature
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Zygaena - Modern Greek (1453-) Cyprus Click here to show the literature
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Zygaena - Modern Greek (1453-) Greece Click here to show the literature
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Zygaina - Modern Greek (1453-) Greece Click here to show the literature
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Zygena - Modern Greek (1453-) Greece Click here to show the literature
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Αγριόψαρο Agriopsaro Modern Greek (1453-) Greece Click here to show the literature
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Δεκανίκι Dekaniki Modern Greek (1453-) Greece Click here to show the literature
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Ζύγαινα Zygaina Modern Greek (1453-) Greece Click here to show the literature
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Πατερίτσα Pateritsa Modern Greek (1453-) Greece Click here to show the literature
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Προπέλα Propela Modern Greek (1453-) Greece Click here to show the literature
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Σφύρνα Sfyrna Modern Greek (1453-) Greece Click here to show the literature
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Hamerhai - Norwegian Norway Click here to show the literature
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Ulach - Palauan Palau Click here to show the literature
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Balagbagan - Pangasinan Philippines Click here to show the literature
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Rekin mlot a. glowomlot pospolity - Polish Poland Click here to show the literature
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Cação-martelo - Portuguese Brazil(Santa Catarina) Click here to show the literature
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Cambeba - Portuguese Brazil Click here to show the literature
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Cambeva - Portuguese Brazil Click here to show the literature
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Chapéu-armado - Portuguese Brazil Click here to show the literature
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Cornuda - Portuguese - Click here to show the literature
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Cornuda - Portuguese Brazil Click here to show the literature
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Cornuda - Portuguese Cape Verde Islands Click here to show the literature
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Cornuda - Portuguese Portugal Click here to show the literature
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Cornudo - Portuguese Brazil(Rio Grande do Sul) Click here to show the literature
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Martelo - Portuguese Brazil Click here to show the literature
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Pata - Portuguese Brazil Click here to show the literature
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Peixe martelo - Portuguese - Click here to show the literature
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Peixe-canga - Portuguese Brazil Click here to show the literature
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Peixe-cornudo - Portuguese Cape Verde Islands Click here to show the literature
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Peixe-martelo - Portuguese Brazil(Santa Catarina) Click here to show the literature
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Tubarão martelo liso - Portuguese Mozambique Click here to show the literature
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Tubarão-martelo - Portuguese - Click here to show the literature
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Tubarão-martelo - Portuguese Brazil Click here to show the literature
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Tubarão-martelo - Portuguese Cape Verde Islands Click here to show the literature
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Tubarão-martelo - Portuguese Portugal Click here to show the literature
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Rechin ciocan - Romanian Romania Click here to show the literature
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молот-рыба - Russian Russia Click here to show the literature
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Mata'italiga - Samoan Samoa Click here to show the literature
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Jaram - Serbian Serbia and Montenegro Click here to show the literature
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Jaram mlat - Serbian Montenegro Click here to show the literature
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Mlat - Serbian Serbia and Montenegro Click here to show the literature
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Bodher-buther - Sindhi Pakistan(Sind & Makran) Click here to show the literature
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Cabeza de martillo - Spanish Cuba Click here to show the literature
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Cachona - Spanish Colombia Click here to show the literature
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Cachona - Spanish Ecuador Click here to show the literature
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Cachona - Spanish Spain Click here to show the literature
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Carnuda - Spanish Spain Click here to show the literature
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Corna - Spanish Spain Click here to show the literature
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Cornúa - Spanish Spain Click here to show the literature
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Cornuda - Spanish Cuba Click here to show the literature
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Cornuda - Spanish Puerto Rico Click here to show the literature
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Cornuda - Spanish Spain Click here to show the literature
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Cornuda común - Spanish - Click here to show the literature
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Cornuda cruz - Spanish Mexico(Pacific Coast.) Click here to show the literature
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Cornuda cruz - Spanish Spain Click here to show the literature
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Cornuda cruz(=Pez martillo) - Spanish - Click here to show the literature
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Cornuda gigante - Spanish - Click here to show the literature
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Cornuda prieta - Spanish Mexico Click here to show the literature
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Cornudilla - Spanish Spain Click here to show the literature
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Cornuilla - Spanish Spain Click here to show the literature
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Leunada - Spanish Spain Click here to show the literature
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Martell - Spanish Spain Click here to show the literature
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Martillo - Spanish Spain Click here to show the literature
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Medialuna - Spanish Spain Click here to show the literature
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Pez martillo - Spanish Colombia Click here to show the literature
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Pez martillo - Spanish Cuba Click here to show the literature
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Pez martillo - Spanish Mauritania Click here to show the literature
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Pez martillo - Spanish Puerto Rico Click here to show the literature
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Pez martillo - Spanish Spain Click here to show the literature
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Sarda de cachas - Spanish Colombia Click here to show the literature
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Sarda de cachas - Spanish Spain Click here to show the literature
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Tailandano - Spanish Spain Click here to show the literature
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Tiburón martillo - Spanish Peru Click here to show the literature
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Tiburón martillo - Spanish Uruguay Click here to show the literature
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Tollo cruz - Spanish Spain Click here to show the literature
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Sartji - Sranan Suriname Click here to show the literature
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Hammarhaj - Swedish Sweden Click here to show the literature
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Hammerhaj - Swedish Sweden Click here to show the literature
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Bingkungan - Tagalog Philippines Click here to show the literature
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Krusan - Tagalog Philippines Click here to show the literature
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Komban-sorrah - Tamil India(Tamilnadu) Click here to show the literature
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கொம்பன் சுரா - Tamil India
கொம்பன் சுறா   - Tamil India
Koma sorrah - Telugu India Click here to show the literature
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Çekiç - Turkish Turkey Click here to show the literature
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Çekiç balığı - Turkish Turkey Click here to show the literature
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Cá Nhám búa - Vietnamese Viet Nam Click here to show the literature
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Kodosan - Visayan Philippines Click here to show the literature
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Binkugan - Waray (Philippines) Philippines(Leyte Gulf) Click here to show the literature
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Pating - Waray (Philippines) Philippines(Leyte Gulf) Click here to show the literature
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Morgi pen morthwyl - Welsh UK Engld Wal Click here to show the literature
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Diarandoye - Wolof Mauritania Click here to show the literature
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Diengué - Wolof Mauritania Click here to show the literature
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Classification:
Kingdom Animalia CoL
Phylum Chordata CoL
Class Elasmobranchii FishBase
Order Carcharhiniformes FishBase
Family Sphyrnidae FishBase
Genus Sphyrna FishBase
Distribution: Widespread in temperate and tropical seas (Ref. 13562). Western Atlantic: Canada to the Virgin Islands; Brazil to Argentina. Eastern Atlantic: British Isles to Cte d'Ivoire, including the Mediterranean. Indo-Pacific: South Africa to Sri Lanka; southern Siberia to Viet Nam (Ref. 13562); southern Australia, New Zealand, and Hawaii (Ref. 13562). Eastern Pacific: northern California, USA to Chile.
Environment: Brackish,marine
Additional data: -
Latest taxonomic scrutiny: Group expert: Compagno, L., 19-May-2014
Source database: FishBase, Feb 2018   99%
Bibliographic citation: Froese R. & Pauly D. (eds). (2019). FishBase (version Feb 2018). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 2019 Annual Checklist (Roskov Y., Ower G., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., Nieukerken E. van, Zarucchi J., Penev L., eds.). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/2019. Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-884X.
Online resource: http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/SpeciesSummary.php?ID=917
Conversion date: 2019-05-01 01:30:40