Accepted scientific name:
Cynara cardunculus L. (provisionally accepted name)
Synonyms:
Carduus cardunculus (L.) Baill. (synonym)
Carduus cynara E.H.L.Krause (synonym)
Carduus scolymus Baill. (synonym)
Cnicus communis Lam. (synonym)
Cynara cardunculus var. altilis DC. (synonym)
Cynara cardunculus var. cardunculus (synonym)
Cynara cardunculus var. elata Cavara (synonym)
Cynara cardunculus var. ferocissima Lowe (synonym)
Cynara cardunculus var. inermis DC. (synonym)
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus (L.) Benth. (synonym)
Cynara cardunculus var. sylvestris (Lam.) Fiori (synonym)
Cynara corsica Viv. (synonym)
Cynara ferox Ten. ex Steud. (synonym)
Cynara horrida Aiton (synonym)
Cynara spinosissima J.Presl & C.Presl (synonym)
Cynara sylvestris Lam. (synonym)
Infraspecific taxon: Cynara cardunculus subsp. cardunculus L.
Cynara cardunculus subsp. flavescens Wiklund
Common names: -
Classification:
Plantae CoL
Phylum Tracheophyta CoL
Class Magnoliopsida CoL
Order Asterales GCC
Family Asteraceae GCC
Genus Cynara GCC
Distribution: 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Belgium (BGM), Belgium (BGM-BE); 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Madeira (MDR), Madeira (MDR-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Germany (GER), Germany (GER-OO); 7 - Northern America, 73 - Northwestern U.S.A., Washington (WAS), Washington (WAS-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Sicilia (SIC), Malta (SIC-MA); 7 - Northern America, 76 - Southwestern U.S.A., California (CAL), California (CAL-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Valparaíso (CLC-VA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Entre Ríos (AGE-ER); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), Bosnia-Herzegovina (YUG-BH); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Spain (SPA), Gilbraltar (SPA-GI); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), La Pampa (AGE-LP); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Portugal (POR), Portugal (POR-OO); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Tasmania (TAS), Tasmania (TAS-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Maule (CLC-MA); 5 - Australasia, 51 - New Zealand, ; 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Spain (SPA), Spain (SPA-SP); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), ; 7 - Northern America, 73 - Northwestern U.S.A., Oregon (ORE), Oregon (ORE-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Kriti (KRI), Kriti (KRI-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Sicilia (SIC), Sicilia (SIC-SI); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Belgium (BGM), Luxembourg (BGM-LU); 7 - Northern America, 79 - Mexico, ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Romania (ROM), Romania (ROM-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, East Aegean Is. (EAI), East Aegean Is. (EAI-OO); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Corse (COR), Corse (COR-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Turkey (TUR), Turkey (TUR-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Sicilia (SIC), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Lebanon-Syria (LBS), Lebanon (LBS-LB); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Cyprus (CYP), Cyprus (CYP-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Argentina Distrito Federal (AGE-DF); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), ; 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Sardegna (SAR), Sardegna (SAR-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), Mendoza (AGW-ME); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), Channel Is. (FRA-CI); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil South (BZS), Rio Grande do Sul (BZS-RS); 5 - Australasia, 51 - New Zealand, New Zealand North (NZN), New Zealand North (NZN-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), Croatia (YUG-CR); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), ; 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Austria (AUT), Liechtenstein (AUT-LI); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Switzerland (SWI), Switzerland (SWI-OO); 5 - Australasia, 51 - New Zealand, New Zealand South (NZS), New Zealand South (NZS-OO); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, ; 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Morocco (MOR), ; 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Spain (SPA), Andorra (SPA-AN); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Buenos Aires (AGE-BA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Palestine (PAL), Israel (PAL-IS); 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Tunisia (TUN), Tunisia (TUN-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 33 - Caucasus, Transcaucasus (TCS), Azerbaijan (TCS-AZ); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Ireland (IRE), Ireland (IRE-IR); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Coquimbo (CLC-CO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Biobío (CLC-BI); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Santiago (CLC-SA); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Netherlands (NET), Netherlands (NET-OO); 8 - Southern America, 83 - Western South America, Ecuador (ECU), Ecuador (ECU-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), Vatican City (ITA-VC); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Greece (GRC), Greece (GRC-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China North-Central (CHN), Beijing (CHN-BJ); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), Monaco (FRA-MO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), Catamarca (AGW-CA); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), France (FRA-FR); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Ukraine (UKR), Ukraine (UKR-UK); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, ; 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, New South Wales (NSW), New South Wales (NSW-NS); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), San Marino (ITA-SM); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), O'Higgins (CLC-OH); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Uruguay (URU), Uruguay (URU-OO); 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Algeria (ALG), Algeria (ALG-OO); 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Canary Is. (CNY), Canary Is. (CNY-OO); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Baleares (BAL), Baleares (BAL-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Juan Fernández Is. (JNF), Juan Fernández Is. (JNF-OO); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Ukraine (UKR), Moldova (UKR-MO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Great Britain (GRB), Great Britain (GRB-OO); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Western Australia (WAU), Western Australia (WAU-WA); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Krym (KRY), Krym (KRY-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Austria (AUT), Austria (AUT-AU); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 42 - Malesia, ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Albania (ALB), Albania (ALB-OO); 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Libya (LBY), Libya (LBY-OO); 6 - Pacific, 61 - South-Central Pacific, Easter Is. (EAS), Easter Is. (EAS-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Palestine (PAL), Jordan (PAL-JO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), Italy (ITA-IT);
Lifezones: Terrestrial
Additional data: Data Providers: CONABIO, African Plant Database, SANBI, New Zealand Plant Name Database, Flora Malesiana, Govaerts World Compositae Checklist A-G, IPNI, Flora of China Project, Tropicos, Euro+Med, Colombia Checklist, Flora of Tasmania Online, New South Wales Flora Online, Western Australia Census, Preliminary Checklist of North American Compositae, Flora del Conosur, Pacific - Easter Island Checklist, LCR Editor
Source database: GCC, 3 (Beta), Feb 2012   99%
Latest taxonomic scrutiny: Flann C., 21-Oct-2011
Online resource:
CoL taxon LSID: urn:lsid:catalogueoflife.org:taxon:1bb47f66-9478-11e1-a35b-569cdfeac142:col20130401