Accepted scientific name:
Carduus pycnocephalus L. (provisionally accepted name)
Synonyms: -
Common names: -
Classification:
Plantae
Phylum Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae
Genus Carduus
Distribution: 1 - Europe, ; 2 - Africa, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, ; 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, ; 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, ; 5 - Australasia, 51 - New Zealand, ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Afghanistan (AFG), ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Albania (ALB), ; 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Algeria (ALG), ; 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Baleares (BAL), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Bulgaria (BUL), ; 7 - Northern America, 76 - Southwestern U.S.A., California (CAL), ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), ; 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Canary Is. (CNY), ; 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Corse (COR), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, East Aegean Is. (EAI), ; 2 - Africa, 24 - Northeast Tropical Africa, Ethiopia (ETH), ; 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Greece (GRC), ; 6 - Pacific, 63 - North-Central Pacific, Hawaii (HAW), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Iran (IRN), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Iraq (IRQ), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Juan Fernández Is. (JNF), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Kriti (KRI), ; 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Krym (KRY), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Lebanon-Syria (LBS), ; 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Libya (LBY), ; 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Madeira (MDR), ; 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Morocco (MOR), ; 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Morocco (MOR), ; 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Norfolk Is. (NFK), ; 5 - Australasia, 51 - New Zealand, New Zealand North (NZN), ; 5 - Australasia, 51 - New Zealand, New Zealand South (NZS), ; 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, South European Russia (RUS), ; 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Sardegna (SAR), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Sicilia (SIC), ; 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Spain (SPA), ; 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Tasmania (TAS), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 32 - Middle Asia, Turkmenistan (TKM), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Turkey-in-Europe (TUE), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Turkey (TUR), ; 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Ukraine (UKR), ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Uruguay (URU), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Afghanistan (AFG), Afghanistan (AFG-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Buenos Aires (AGE-BA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Argentina Distrito Federal (AGE-DF); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Entre Ríos (AGE-ER); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Alabama (ALA), Alabama (ALA-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Albania (ALB), Albania (ALB-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Albania (ALB), Albania (ALB-OO); 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Algeria (ALG), Algeria (ALG-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Arkansas (ARK), Arkansas (ARK-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Austria (AUT), Austria (AUT-AU); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Baleares (BAL), Baleares (BAL-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Belgium (BGM), Belgium (BGM-BE); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Belgium (BGM), Luxembourg (BGM-LU); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Belarus (BLR), Belarus (BLR-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Bulgaria (BUL), Bulgaria (BUL-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Bulgaria (BUL), Bulgaria (BUL-OO); 7 - Northern America, 76 - Southwestern U.S.A., California (CAL), California (CAL-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Biobío (CLC-BI); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Coquimbo (CLC-CO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), La Araucania (CLC-LA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Maule (CLC-MA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), O'Higgins (CLC-OH); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Santiago (CLC-SA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Valparaíso (CLC-VA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile South (CLS), Los Lagos (CLS-LL); 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Canary Is. (CNY), Canary Is. (CNY-OO); 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Canary Is. (CNY), Canary Is. (CNY-OO); 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Canary Is. (CNY), Canary Is. (CNY-OO); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Corse (COR), Corse (COR-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Cyprus (CYP), Cyprus (CYP-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Czechoslovakia (CZE), Czech Republic (CZE-CZ); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Denmark (DEN), Denmark (DEN-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, East Aegean Is. (EAI), East Aegean Is. (EAI-OO); 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Egypt (EGY), Egypt (EGY-OO); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), Channel Is. (FRA-CI); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), France (FRA-FR); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), Monaco (FRA-MO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Georgia (GEO), Georgia (GEO-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Germany (GER), Germany (GER-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Great Britain (GRB), Great Britain (GRB-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Greece (GRC), Greece (GRC-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Greece (GRC), Greece (GRC-OO); 6 - Pacific, 63 - North-Central Pacific, Hawaii (HAW), Hawaiian Is. (HAW-HI); 7 - Northern America, 73 - Northwestern U.S.A., Idaho (IDA), Idaho (IDA-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), Italy (ITA-IT); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), San Marino (ITA-SM); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), Vatican City (ITA-VC); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Kriti (KRI), Kriti (KRI-OO); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Krym (KRY), Krym (KRY-OO); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Krym (KRY), Krym (KRY-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Lebanon-Syria (LBS), Lebanon (LBS-LB); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Lebanon-Syria (LBS), Syria (LBS-SY); 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Libya (LBY), Libya (LBY-OO); 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Madeira (MDR), Madeira (MDR-OO); 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Madeira (MDR), Madeira (MDR-OO); 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Madeira (MDR), Madeira (MDR-OO); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, New South Wales (NSW), New South Wales (NSW-NS); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., New York (NWY), New York (NWY-OO); 7 - Northern America, 73 - Northwestern U.S.A., Oregon (ORE), Oregon (ORE-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Palestine (PAL), Israel (PAL-IS); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Palestine (PAL), Jordan (PAL-JO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Poland (POL), Poland (POL-OO); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Portugal (POR), Portugal (POR-OO); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Queensland (QLD), Queensland (QLD-QU); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Romania (ROM), Romania (ROM-OO); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Sardegna (SAR), Sardegna (SAR-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 35 - Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia (SAU), Saudi Arabia (SAU-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., South Carolina (SCA), South Carolina (SCA-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Sicilia (SIC), Malta (SIC-MA); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Sicilia (SIC), Sicilia (SIC-SI); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Sicilia (SIC), Sicilia (SIC-SI); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Sinai (SIN), Sinai (SIN-OO); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, South Australia (SOA), South Australia (SOA-OO); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Spain (SPA), Andorra (SPA-AN); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Spain (SPA), Gilbraltar (SPA-GI); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Spain (SPA), Spain (SPA-SP); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, Sri Lanka (SRL), Sri Lanka (SRL-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Sweden (SWE), Sweden (SWE-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Switzerland (SWI), Switzerland (SWI-OO); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Tasmania (TAS), Tasmania (TAS-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 33 - Caucasus, Transcaucasus (TCS), Armenia (TCS-AR); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 33 - Caucasus, Transcaucasus (TCS), Azerbaijan (TCS-AZ); 7 - Northern America, 77 - South-Central U.S.A., Texas (TEX), Texas (TEX-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Turkey-in-Europe (TUE), Turkey-in-Europe (TUE-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Turkey-in-Europe (TUE), Turkey-in-Europe (TUE-OO); 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Tunisia (TUN), Tunisia (TUN-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Turkey (TUR), Turkey (TUR-OO); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Ukraine (UKR), Moldova (UKR-MO); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Ukraine (UKR), Ukraine (UKR-UK); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Uruguay (URU), Uruguay (URU-OO); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Victoria (VIC), Victoria (VIC-OO); 7 - Northern America, 73 - Northwestern U.S.A., Washington (WAS), Washington (WAS-OO); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Western Australia (WAU), Western Australia (WAU-WA); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, West Himalaya (WHM), Jammu-Kashmir (WHM-JK); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), Bosnia-Herzegovina (YUG-BH); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), Croatia (YUG-CR); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), Macedonia (YUG-MA); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), Montenegro (YUG-MN); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), Slovenia (YUG-SL);
Additional data: Data Providers: African Plant Database, New Zealand Plant Name Database, IPNI, Govaerts World Compositae Checklist A-G, Tropicos, Euro+Med, Flora of Tasmania Online, Australian Capital Territory Census, Queensland Census, New South Wales Flora Online, Western Australia Census, LCR Editor, Electronic Flora of South Australia, Victoria Census, Preliminary Checklist of North American Compositae, Flora del Conosur, Vascular Plants of Russia, Pacific - Hawaii, Flora of Oman, Naturalised Australian Asteraceae, India, Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil, Flora of Saudi Arabia - Checklist. GCC LSID: urn:lsid:compositae.org:names:5EA114A5-BA0C-4B05-B954-CDFD8F170997
Source database: GCC, 2 (Beta), Nov 2010
Latest taxonomic scrutiny: Flann C., 13-Oct-2010
Online resource: http://compositae.landcareresearch.co.nz/default.aspx?Page=NameDetails&TabNum=0&NameId=5EA114A5-BA0C-4B05-B954-CDFD8F170997
CoL taxon LSID: urn:lsid:catalogueoflife.org:taxon:d02907d5-2dc5-11e0-98c6-2ce70255a436:col20110201