The 2008 Annual Checklist contains contributions
from 52 databases with information on 1,105,589
species and 86,426 infraspecific
taxa, and also includes 720,040 synonyms and
461,182 common names covering the following
Viruses and Subviral
agents from ICTV.
Blue-green algae (Cyanobacteria) from AlgaeBase.
Chromistan fungi from
Fungorum Chromistan algae from AlgaeBase.
Major groups from ITIS
Protozoan fungi from Species
Fungorum and Trichomycetes
database Eumycetozoa.com NEW!
Various taxa in
whole or in part from CABI Bioscience databases (Species
databases) and from three other databases covering Xylariaceae,
Mosses from MOST
Conifers from Conifer
Database Cycads and 6 flowering plant families from IOPI-GPC
and 94 families from World
Checklist of Selected Plant Families (NEW SECTORS: gnetophytes & monocots)
Custard Apple family from
AnnonBase Legumes from ILDIS
Cranesbills from RJB
Geranium Brazil Nut family from
Sponges from Porifera
database Marine invertebrates
(13 phyla & 7 classes) and chordates (4 classes) from URMO
Sea anemones from the
of the World Rotifers from Rotifera
database Spiders from SpidCat
Ticks from TicksBase
Krill from ETI
WBD Diplopods, centipedes, pauropods and symphylans from SysMyr and ChiloBase
Dragonflies from the Odonata
database Crickets, grasshoppers, locusts, and katydids from the
OSF Stick and leaf insects from PSF NEW! Cockroaches from BSF NEW! Planthoppers from FLOW
Froghoppers from COOL NEW!
Scale insects from ScaleNet
Bees and wasps from ITIS, UCD
Scarab beetles from the World
Scarabaeidae Database Longhorn beetles from TITAN
Weevils from WTaxa Fleas from Parhost
Flies, craneflies, mosquitoes, bots,
midges and gnats from BDWD,
and ITIS Butterflies and moths from LepIndex,
NHM, World Gracillariidae
NEW! and GloBIS/GART
Snails and slugs (some groups) from AFD
and ITIS Fishes from FishBase
Reptiles from TIGR Reptiles Amphibians, birds and mammals from
additional species of many groups
of the Annual Checklist
The goal is to list every distinct species
in each group of organisms. At present, some groups are globally complete,
some are represented by global sectors that are nearing completion, and
others are represented by partial sectors. The global sectors, whether complete
or not, are provided by selected, peer reviewed global species databases
(GSDs - see definition below) in the Species 2000 federation or by equivalent
global sectors of ITIS. The partial sectors are supplied principally by
ITIS (N America), but also Species Fungorum and the Australian Faunal Directory,
with the result that N American species are sometimes the only species represented
for these incomplete groups.
Definition of a Global Species Database (GSD)
to the following properties:
Cover one taxon worldwide
Contain a taxonomic checklist of all species within
Deal with species as taxa, and contain synonymy
and taxonomic opinion
Have an explicit mechanism for
seeking at least one responsible/consensus taxonomy, and for applying it
Cross-index significant alternative taxonomies
in their synonymy
species is listed with an accepted scientific name, a cited reference and
its family and/or position in the hierarchical classification. Additional
common names and synonyms may be provided, but these data are not complete,
and for some species none may exist. The complete list of fields (known
as the Catalogue of Life Standard Dataset) is given below:
The Catalogue of Life Standard Dataset
(1) Accepted scientific
name (and reference)
(2) Synonyms (and references)
names (and references)
(4) Latest taxonomic scrutiny (name of person
(5) Source database
(6) Additional data (optional)
(7) Family to which species belongs
(8) Classification above family,
and highest taxon in database
information about the Standard Dataset is available on the Species 2000
species is linked via the genus and family to the taxonomic classification.
Above the node of attachment of each data sector this classification has
been agreed by Species 2000 and ITIS as a practical management tool to provide
access to the Catalogue, the Catalogue of Life Taxonomic Classification Edition 1. This top level classification has remained unchanged
in 2005-2008. However, below the node of attachment the classification
originates from the supplier databases and so may change from year to year. Because of this lower level changes there are therefore annual versions of Edition 1 for 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008.
available from the suppliers, infraspecific taxa such as subspecies and
varieties have also been included but this coverage is variable between
Where possible, a web link back to the supplier's
own database is provided at the bottom of each species detail page.
Functionality of the Annual Checklist
Species (and infraspecific taxa) can be located either by searching by name
or by tracking down through the hierarchical classification.
Searching by name can be done using accepted scientific name, synonym or
common name. Automatic synonymic and common name indexing takes the user
directly to the species under its accepted name. The search can use part
names, or be restricted to complete words.
Tracking down the
tree or classification uses accepted names for taxa.
On each species details page the relevant higher taxa are listed, and provide a link to the relevant node of the hierarchical classification.
The species details pages link to the source database, usually showing further information.
This CD contains the Annual Checklist dataset and the software identical to that used on the Web. The structure
of the Annual Checklist database has been optimised for performance with
the user interface but is not ideal for importing to other systems. The
content may be copied subject to the copyright conditions given on the inside
cover of this booklet.
The 2008 Annual
The Catalogue of Life programme combines the outputs
of the Species 2000 programme (led by Frank Bisby from Reading, UK) and
the ITIS programme (led by Thomas Orrell from Washington, USA). Assembly
and publication of the Annual Checklist is managed by Yuri Roskov in Reading
working with colleagues around the world:
Frank Bisby, Species
2000 Executive Director and Team member, at the Species 2000 Secretariat,
Yuri Roskov, Executive Editor
at the Species 2000 Secretariat, Reading,
Acting Director, ITIS at the ITIS Secretariat, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, USA.
David Nicolson, ITIS Data Development Coordinator, USGS/Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, USA.
Luvie Paglinawan, Annual Checklist Dataset
Compiler, at the Species 2000 Philippines Office, WorldFish Center, Los-Baños,
Species 2000 Philippines Office Manager at the WorldFish Center, Los-Baños,
Paul Kirk, Taxonomic Editor of Fungi and Chromista sectors at CABI, Egham, UK.
Thierry Bourgoin, Museum National díHistoire Naturelle, Paris, France.
Jorrit van Hertum, Software and User Interface
Programmer at ETI BioInformatics, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.